Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women

C. Álvarez, R. Ramírez-Vélez, R. Ramírez-Campillo, S. Ito, C. Celis-Morales, A. García-Hermoso, L. Rodriguez-Mañas, A. Lucia, M. Izquierdo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Se intentó investigar cuáles de los 20 resultados cardiometabólicos y de rendimiento responden y cuáles no al entrenamiento a intervalos de alta intensidad (HIT), entrenamiento de resistencia (RT) o entrenamiento concurrente (CT) en mujeres adultas resistentes a la insulina. Un objetivo secundario fue informar sobre los cambios inducidos por la capacitación y la prevalencia de los que no respondieron. Cuarenta y cinco mujeres adultas resistentes a la insulina fueron asignadas aleatoriamente a uno de los siguientes cuatro grupos: HIT (39,2 ± 9,5 años[y]; índice de masa corporal[IMC], 29,3 ± 3).3; n = 14), RT (33,9 ± 9,3 y; IMC, 29,4 ± 5,5; n = 8), CT (43,3 ± 8,1 y; IMC, 29,1 ± 2,9; n = 10), y un grupo de control (CG, 40,1 ± 11,4 y; IMC, 28,3 ± 3,5; n = 13). Se evaluaron nueve resultados de composición corporal, tres cardiovasculares, tres metabólicos y cinco de desempeño al inicio y después de 12 semanas de intervención. Considerando todos los resultados, el número más bajo de no respuestas totales para una o más variables se encontró en el grupo RT, seguido por los grupos CT y HIT. Los individuos en el grupo del GC fueron clasificados como no respondedores para casi todas las variables. Además, hubo varios cambios significativos en la composición corporal y los parámetros metabólicos, incluyendo la glucosa en ayunas (HIT: -5,7, RT -5,1 mg/d), la insulina en ayunas (HIT: -0,6, RT -0,6 μIU/mL), y HOMA-IR (HIT: -0,3, RT -0,4), además de mejoras en los parámetros cardiovasculares y de rendimiento. Además, hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos en la prevalencia de los no respondedores para las variables en las que se detectó una falta de respuesta. En general, el estudio sugiere que, independientemente del modo de entrenamiento, incluido el volumen y la frecuencia, la RT tiene una capacidad importante para reducir la prevalencia de la falta de respuesta y mejorar los resultados de salud y rendimiento en mujeres adultas resistentes a la insulina.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)2052-2065
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volumen28
N.º9
DOI
EstadoPublished - may 11 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Citar esto

Álvarez, C., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Ito, S., Celis-Morales, C., García-Hermoso, A., ... Izquierdo, M. (2018). Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 28(9), 2052-2065. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13213
Álvarez, C. ; Ramírez-Vélez, R. ; Ramírez-Campillo, R. ; Ito, S. ; Celis-Morales, C. ; García-Hermoso, A. ; Rodriguez-Mañas, L. ; Lucia, A. ; Izquierdo, M. / Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women. En: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 2018 ; Vol. 28, N.º 9. pp. 2052-2065.
@article{3dec707278df40f39ddeea1b3e8ec8ad,
title = "Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women",
abstract = "We aimed to investigate which among 20 cardiometabolic and performance outcomes do and do not respond to high-intensity interval training (HIT), resistance training (RT), or concurrent training (CT) in insulin-resistant adult women. A secondary aim was to report the training-induced changes and the prevalence of non-responders. Forty-five insulin-resistant adult women were randomly assigned to one of the following 4 groups: HIT (39.2 ± 9.5 years [y]; body mass index [BMI], 29.3 ± 3.3; n = 14), RT (33.9 ± 9.3 y; BMI, 29.4 ± 5.5; n = 8), CT (43.3 ± 8.1 y; BMI, 29.1 ± 2.9; n = 10), and a control group (CG, 40.1 ± 11.4 y; BMI, 28.3 ± 3.5; n = 13). Nine body composition, 3 cardiovascular, 3 metabolic, and 5 performance outcomes were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of intervention. Considering all outcomes, the lowest number of total non-responses for one or more variables was found in the RT group, followed by the CT and HIT groups. Individuals in the CG group were classified as non-responders for almost all the variables. Moreover, there were several significant changes in body composition and metabolic parameters, including fasting glucose (HIT: −5.7, RT −5.1 mg/d), fasting insulin (HIT: −0.6, RT −0.6 μIU/mL), and HOMA-IR (HIT: −0.3, RT −0.4), in addition to improvements in cardiovascular and performance parameters. Also, there were significant differences among groups in the prevalence of non-responders for the variables where a non-response was detected. Overall, the study suggests that independent of the mode of training including volume and frequency, RT has an important ability to reduce the prevalence of non-response to improve the 20 outcomes of health and performance in insulin-resistant adult women.",
author = "C. {\'A}lvarez and R. Ram{\'i}rez-V{\'e}lez and R. Ram{\'i}rez-Campillo and S. Ito and C. Celis-Morales and A. Garc{\'i}a-Hermoso and L. Rodriguez-Ma{\~n}as and A. Lucia and M. Izquierdo",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1111/sms.13213",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "2052--2065",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports",
issn = "0905-7188",
publisher = "Blackwell Munksgaard",
number = "9",

}

Álvarez, C, Ramírez-Vélez, R, Ramírez-Campillo, R, Ito, S, Celis-Morales, C, García-Hermoso, A, Rodriguez-Mañas, L, Lucia, A & Izquierdo, M 2018, 'Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 28, n.º 9, pp. 2052-2065. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13213

Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women. / Álvarez, C.; Ramírez-Vélez, R.; Ramírez-Campillo, R.; Ito, S.; Celis-Morales, C.; García-Hermoso, A.; Rodriguez-Mañas, L.; Lucia, A.; Izquierdo, M.

En: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Vol. 28, N.º 9, 11.05.2018, p. 2052-2065.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women

AU - Álvarez, C.

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, R.

AU - Ramírez-Campillo, R.

AU - Ito, S.

AU - Celis-Morales, C.

AU - García-Hermoso, A.

AU - Rodriguez-Mañas, L.

AU - Lucia, A.

AU - Izquierdo, M.

PY - 2018/5/11

Y1 - 2018/5/11

N2 - We aimed to investigate which among 20 cardiometabolic and performance outcomes do and do not respond to high-intensity interval training (HIT), resistance training (RT), or concurrent training (CT) in insulin-resistant adult women. A secondary aim was to report the training-induced changes and the prevalence of non-responders. Forty-five insulin-resistant adult women were randomly assigned to one of the following 4 groups: HIT (39.2 ± 9.5 years [y]; body mass index [BMI], 29.3 ± 3.3; n = 14), RT (33.9 ± 9.3 y; BMI, 29.4 ± 5.5; n = 8), CT (43.3 ± 8.1 y; BMI, 29.1 ± 2.9; n = 10), and a control group (CG, 40.1 ± 11.4 y; BMI, 28.3 ± 3.5; n = 13). Nine body composition, 3 cardiovascular, 3 metabolic, and 5 performance outcomes were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of intervention. Considering all outcomes, the lowest number of total non-responses for one or more variables was found in the RT group, followed by the CT and HIT groups. Individuals in the CG group were classified as non-responders for almost all the variables. Moreover, there were several significant changes in body composition and metabolic parameters, including fasting glucose (HIT: −5.7, RT −5.1 mg/d), fasting insulin (HIT: −0.6, RT −0.6 μIU/mL), and HOMA-IR (HIT: −0.3, RT −0.4), in addition to improvements in cardiovascular and performance parameters. Also, there were significant differences among groups in the prevalence of non-responders for the variables where a non-response was detected. Overall, the study suggests that independent of the mode of training including volume and frequency, RT has an important ability to reduce the prevalence of non-response to improve the 20 outcomes of health and performance in insulin-resistant adult women.

AB - We aimed to investigate which among 20 cardiometabolic and performance outcomes do and do not respond to high-intensity interval training (HIT), resistance training (RT), or concurrent training (CT) in insulin-resistant adult women. A secondary aim was to report the training-induced changes and the prevalence of non-responders. Forty-five insulin-resistant adult women were randomly assigned to one of the following 4 groups: HIT (39.2 ± 9.5 years [y]; body mass index [BMI], 29.3 ± 3.3; n = 14), RT (33.9 ± 9.3 y; BMI, 29.4 ± 5.5; n = 8), CT (43.3 ± 8.1 y; BMI, 29.1 ± 2.9; n = 10), and a control group (CG, 40.1 ± 11.4 y; BMI, 28.3 ± 3.5; n = 13). Nine body composition, 3 cardiovascular, 3 metabolic, and 5 performance outcomes were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of intervention. Considering all outcomes, the lowest number of total non-responses for one or more variables was found in the RT group, followed by the CT and HIT groups. Individuals in the CG group were classified as non-responders for almost all the variables. Moreover, there were several significant changes in body composition and metabolic parameters, including fasting glucose (HIT: −5.7, RT −5.1 mg/d), fasting insulin (HIT: −0.6, RT −0.6 μIU/mL), and HOMA-IR (HIT: −0.3, RT −0.4), in addition to improvements in cardiovascular and performance parameters. Also, there were significant differences among groups in the prevalence of non-responders for the variables where a non-response was detected. Overall, the study suggests that independent of the mode of training including volume and frequency, RT has an important ability to reduce the prevalence of non-response to improve the 20 outcomes of health and performance in insulin-resistant adult women.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051551218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051551218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/sms.13213

DO - 10.1111/sms.13213

M3 - Article

C2 - 29749663

AN - SCOPUS:85051551218

VL - 28

SP - 2052

EP - 2065

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

SN - 0905-7188

IS - 9

ER -

Álvarez C, Ramírez-Vélez R, Ramírez-Campillo R, Ito S, Celis-Morales C, García-Hermoso A y otros. Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 2018 may 11;28(9):2052-2065. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13213