The implementation of an apnea-based perinatal stress calculator

M. Lavanga, O. De Wel, A. Caicedo, M. Deviaene, J. Moeyersons, C. Varon, B. Bollen, K. Jansen, E. Ortibus, G. Naulaers, S. Van Huffel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early life stress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) predisposes premature infants to adverse health outcomes. Although those patients experience frequent apneas and sleep-wake disturbances during their hospital stay, clinicians still rely on clinical scales to assess pain and stress burden. This study addresses the relationship between stress and apneic spells in NICU patients to implement an automatic stress detector. EEG, ECG and SpO2 were recorded from 40 patients for at least 3 hours and the stress burden was assessed using the Leuven Pain Scale. Different logistic regression models were designed to detect the presence or the absence of stress based on the signals reactivity to each apneic spell. The classification shows that stress can be detected with an area under the curve of 0.94 and a misclassification error of 19.23%. These results were obtained via SpO2 dips and EEG regularity. These findings suggest that stress deepens the physiological reaction to apneas, which could ultimately impact the neurological and behavioral development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages6000-6003
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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