The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on subjective mental well-being: The interplay of perceived threat, future anxiety and resilience

Mario R. Paredes, Vanessa Apaolaza, Cristóbal Fernandez-Robin, Patrick Hartmann, Diego Yañez-Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has potentially a serious impact on many people's mental well-being. This study analyses the influence of the perceived threat of COVID-19 on subjective mental well-being with an online survey (n = 711). Findings confirmed the hypothesized model that provides a process explanation for this effect through the mediating influence of the activation of future anxiety. In addition, results confirmed that this influence via future anxiety is moderated by resilience, a personality trait that enables individuals to cope better with stressful or traumatic events. Individuals with higher levels of resilience compared to those with lower levels registered a lower impact of perceived Covid threat on future anxiety and, in turn, on subjective well-being. This study contributes theoretically to a better understanding of the factors that determine the impact of traumatic events such as a pandemic on people's mental health. The implications of this study indicate interventions that may be carried out to minimize the pandemic's negative psychological consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110455
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume170
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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