Tackling Histoplasmosis Infection in People Living with HIV from Latin America: From Diagnostic Strategy to Public Health Solutions

Diego H Cáceres, Beatriz L Gómez, Ángela M Tobón, Ángela Restrepo, Tom Chiller, Mark D Lindsley, Jacques F Meis, Paul E Verweij

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Histoplasmosis, caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Histoplasma spp., is a disease with a broad clinical spectrum, presenting from asymptomatic/flu-like symptoms to progressive disseminated disease in people with immunosuppression. In recent years, the concept of histoplasmosis as a disease restricted to the American continent has changed, as now histoplasmosis is reported in many regions around the world. In Latin America, histoplasmosis represents a threat, especially in people with advanced HIV disease (AHD). Diagnosis of histoplasmosis in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is challenging due to the low index of suspicion of the disease, non-specificity of signs and symptoms, and limited access to specific laboratory testing, while the diagnostic delay is significantly associated with mortality. In the last decade, novel diagnostic tests have been developed for the rapid detection of histoplasmosis, such as commercial kits for antigen detection. Furthermore, advocacy groups were created that presented histoplasmosis as a public health problem, with emphasis on patients at risk of progressive disseminated disease. This review aims to discuss the impact of histoplasmosis associated with AHD in Latin America and the strategies employed to tackle histoplasmosis, from the implementation of laboratory testing to disease advocacy and public health interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Fungi
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Tackling Histoplasmosis Infection in People Living with HIV from Latin America: From Diagnostic Strategy to Public Health Solutions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this