Retrospective Analysis of the Kidney Donor Profile Index to Predict Patient and Graft Survival at 5 Years Posttransplantation in a Colombian Cohort

Laura Nino-Torres, Andrea Garcia-Lopez, Fernando Giron-Luque, Alejandro Nino-Murcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) has been used to predict patient and graft outcomes in deceased donor kidney transplantation. We aimed to evaluate the impact of KDPI on transplantation major outcomes applied to a Colombian cohort. Methods: We retrospectively assessed 260 adult patients who underwent kidney transplantation (KT) from January 2011 to June 2014 at our center and compared their KDPIs with graft and patient outcomes at 5 years posttransplantation. Kaplan-Meier survival method and Cox analysis were fitted to analyze the impact of the 3 KDPI categories on graft and patient outcomes. Results: A total of 18.4% of transplants were from donors with a KDPI ≥75%. There was a significant decrement in renal function with increasing KDPI at 5 years posttransplantation (P < .05). The final model indicates that donor diabetes was associated with elevated risk for graft loss (hazard ratio [HR], 6.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35-31.8; P = .019) at 5 years posttransplantation. Recipient age (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.1-4.5; P = .001), diabetes status (HR, 2.17; CI, 1.04-5.5; P = .003), dialysis duration (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.00-1.16; P = .003), and operating room time (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.02-2.12; P = .003) were associated with elevated risk for death at 5 years posttransplantation. KDPI categories were not significantly associated with graft loss or death. Conclusions: We found limited KDPI power to predict graft and patient survival when applied to a Latin American population in Colombia. Our findings highlight the importance of analyzing the application of KDPI in different populations. Therefore, our findings may not be generalizable to other regions outside of Colombia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2197-2203
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume53
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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