Monitoring System for Operating Variables in Incubators in the Neonatology Service of a Highly Complex Hospital through the Internet of Things (IoT)

Pedro Antonio Aya-Parra, Andres Jacob Rodriguez-Orjuela, Viviana Rodriguez Torres, Nidia Patricia Cordoba Hernandez, Natalia Martinez Castellanos, Jefferson Sarmiento-Rojas

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch Articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Around 15 million premature babies are born annually, requiring specialized care. Incubators are vital for maintaining their body temperature, which is crucial for their well-being. Ensuring optimal conditions in incubators, including constant temperature, oxygen control, and comfort, is essential for improving the care and survival rates of these infants. Methods: To address this, an IoT-based monitoring system was developed in a hospital setting. The system comprised hardware components such as sensors and a microcontroller, along with software components including a database and a web application. The microcontroller collected data from the sensors, which was then transmitted to a broker via WiFi using the MQTT protocol. The broker validated and stored the data in the database, while the web application provided real-time access, alerts, and event recording. Results: Two certified devices were created, employing high quality components. The system was successfully implemented and tested in both the biomedical engineering laboratory and the neonatology service of the hospital. The results of the pilot test supported the concept of IoT-based technology, demonstrating satisfactory responses in temperature, humidity, and sound variables within the incubators. Conclusions: The monitoring system facilitated efficient record traceability, allowing access to data over various timeframes. It also captured event records (alerts) related to variable problems, providing information on duration, date, hour, and minutes. Overall, the system offered valuable insights and enhanced monitoring capabilities for neonatal care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5719
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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