Is the Pauli exclusion principle the origin of electron localisation?

Luis Rincón, F. Javier Torres, Rafael Almeida

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Abstract

In this work, we inquire into the origins of the electron localisation as obtained from the information content of the same-spin pair density, γσ, σ(r2∣r1). To this end, we consider systems of non-interacting and interacting identical Fermions contained in two simple 1D potential models: (1) an infinite potential well and (2) the Kronig–Penney periodic potential. The interparticle interaction is considered through the Hartree–Fock approximation as well as the configuration interaction expansion. Morover, the electron localisation is described through the Kullback–Leibler divergence between γσ, σ(r2∣r1) and its associated marginal probability. The results show that, as long as the adopted method properly includes the Pauli principle, the electronic localisation depends only modestly on the interparticle interaction. In view of the latter, one may conclude that the Pauli principle is the main responsible for the electron localisation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-587
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Physics
Volume116
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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