Smart homes and home health monitoring technologies for older adults. A systematic review.

Adriana Maria Rios Rincon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

224 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Around the world, populations are aging and there is a growing concern about ways that older adults can maintain their health and well-being while living in their homes.
Objectives: The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic literature review to determine: (1) the levels of technology readiness among older adults and, (2) evidence for smart homes and home-based
health-monitoring technologies that support aging in place for older adults who have complex needs.
Results: We identified and analyzed 48 of 1863 relevant papers. Our analyses found that: (1) technologyreadiness
level for smart homes and home health monitoring technologies is low; (2) the highest level of evidence is 1b (i.e., one randomized controlled trial with a PEDro score ≥6); smart homes and home health
monitoring technologies are used to monitor activities of daily living, cognitive decline and mental health, and heart conditions in older adults with complex needs; (3) there is no evidence that smart homes and home health monitoring technologies help address disability prediction and health-related quality of life, or fall prevention; and (4) there is conflicting evidence that smart homes and home health monitoring technologies help address chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Conclusions: The level oftechnology readiness for smart homes and home health monitoring technologies
is still low. The highest level of evidence found was in a study that supported home health technologies for use in monitoring activities of daily living, cognitive decline, mental health, and heart conditions in
older adults with complex needs
Translated title of the contributionHogares inteligentes y tecnologías de monitoreo de salud en el hogar para adultos mayores.: Una revisión sistemática.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1386-5056
Pages (from-to)44 - 59
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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