Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has been used to treat women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), particularly for women with elevated natural killer (NK) cells. We investigated the effect of IVIg on peripheral blood NK cell activity in vitro in women with RSA. 51Cr-release assays using K562 in the presence of varying concentrations of IVIg were performed using PBL from 16 women with RSA. Antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) was evaluated using Daudi cells. Effectors and targets were preincubated with IVIg. Binding of IVIg to K562 and Daudi was evaluated by flow cytometry. The effect of K562 absorbed IVIg on NK activity was compared to that of non-absorbed IVIg. NK cytotoxicity and ADCC in the presence of F(ab')2 fragments were compared with those in the presence of intact IVIg. IVIg produced a significant, dose dependent inhibition of NK activity in vitro. Inhibition of NK activity occurred when effectors but not targets were preincubated with IVIg. IVIg binds to K562 and Daudi. IVIg increased ADCC when targets but not effectors were incubated with IVIg. K562 absorbed IVIg produced more inhibition of NK cytotoxicity than non-absorbed IVIg. Suppression of NK cytotoxicity by F(ab')2 was as effective as that.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology