Are non-fungible payments attractive when they reduce risk exposure? Evidence from Colombia

Alexander Cano, Darwin Cortés, César Mantilla, Laura Prada, Medardo Restrepo

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch Articlepeer-review


We conducted a lab-in-the-field experiment in which 214 Colombian rural workers must choose between cash or voucher payment for completing a real effort task. Although the voucher may be perceived as non-fungible, it halves the probability of suffering a negative shock that will reduce the participant’s payment by two-thirds. Participants made four decisions in which we vary the voucher values such that this payment method offers, in expectation, between 88% to 123% of the cash payment (fixed across decisions). We find that uptake rates go from 32% to 56%, from the least to the most generous voucher. These rates are consistently larger compared to a reference sample of undergrad students from the same region (p–values from the χ2 tests for all four decisions fall below 0.035). Our between-subjects variations reveal that presenting the vouchers in descending order yields a higher uptake than the ascending order (p < 0.001 for the corresponding coefficient in a tobit and ordered logit regressions including municipality characteristics, an effect driven by the two decisions with the lowest voucher values, with p–values of 0.008 and 0.072 in the χ2 tests, respectively). We interpret this result as an endowment effect of the voucher’s risk reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0296299
Issue number1 January
StatePublished - Jan 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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