Socio-spatial criminology (of place) in the Chapinero Central neighborhood of Bogotá: a challenge for citizen security.

Project: Research Project

Project Details


Crime occurs through the interaction of potential aggressors with potential victims, usually in environments where the crime can be carried out easily, safely and profitably.

The spatial pattern itself can generate externalities related to crime and fear or victimization of citizens.

That is, constructions that seek to satisfy our daily activities: parks, sports stadiums, neighborhoods, houses, stores or offices, sometimes influence citizens' fear levels due to the way in which we relate physical space.

This is the case of the Chapinero Central neighborhood, where it has been shown that in the last 5 years it has been the place where the most thefts are committed in Bogotá.

For this reason, this article will seek to determine the crime patterns associated with the Chapinero Central neighborhood to evaluate the citizen security measures carried out in the sector and analyze their effectiveness.

That is, once the spatial patterns (criminology of the place) are found in said sector, it is possible to implement better security measures not only for the inhabitants of the area but also for the floating population.

Likewise, an objective analysis of the spatial pattern of crime
allows us to infer that the places, situations or demographic and even socio-economic conditions that create fear are not necessarily related to true risks or patterns of crime.

Thus, it is illusoryly believed that constructions are merely physical artifacts.

However, constructions are transformations of space through objects and as such they generate certain dynamics that can be a challenge for citizen security, as is currently the case in Chapinero Central.

Commitments / Obligations

An in-depth analysis of citizen security will be achieved in the neighborhood that has made the most complaints of theft, during the last 5 years in Bogotá and its importance lies in the fact that the measures that have been carried out have not been effective and it is possible that, by changing the unit of analysis from the individual to the place, better strategies against theft can be implemented in Chapinero Central.

For society it is important because the majority of thefts in the city are experienced in that area where it is probably not possible to identify those responsible for multiple criminal acts related to theft, which undoubtedly creates a vicious circle since it is time the ideal place to commit crimes is created.

The investigation can be very useful not only to establish the necessary measures related to Chapinero Central security, but also as a possible identification of place or space patterns that generate an ideal environment to commit crimes throughout the city.

This is important because the study would allow for greater academic and political discussion about the influence of place on crime in Bogotá, and would allow interdisciplinary alternatives to be proposed (from design to pedagogy) to reduce the levels of fear and insecurity of citizens.
Effective start/end date2/1/1911/30/19

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities

Main Funding Source

  • Installed Capacity (Academic Unit)


  • Bogotá D.C.


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