Research Program (Call connecting knowledge 2019- Minciencias) - Agrarian Conflicts, Armed Conflict and Institutions: Relationships, Interactions and Causalities.

Project: Research Project

Project Details


One of the main propositions of Colombian social sciences establishes a relationship between violent political conflict and agrarian inequality.

In particular, it suggests that there is a relationship between the origin and persistence of the armed conflict, on the one hand, and agrarian inequality, on the other.

Several analysts have been concerned with explaining the political and institutional mechanisms that have facilitated the concentration of rural property (Legrand, 1986; Fajardo, s.f.; Gutiérrez, 2014), reflected in a Gini of land of 0.86 and of owners of 0.88 (Instituto Geographic Agustín Codazzi [IGAC], 2012; Ibañez and Muñoz, 2012); and instability, political allocation and insecurity in property rights (Céspedes, Peña, Cabana & Zuleta, 2014; Gutiérrez, 2014).

However, the problem is not only inequities in access to land, but also the way in which the institutions in charge of assigning and specifying property rights in Colombia operate; Furthermore, both are related (Gutiérrez, 2015b).

This project is based on a conceptualization of rural property rights and their relationship with the use of violence in contexts of armed conflict.

There are studies on these key concepts and their causality or correlation relationships by Boone (2007), North (1990), Fitzpatrick, McWilliam and Barnes (2012) and Hartman (2018), which constitute the starting point for our analysis of designs. institutional in the Colombian case.

We seek to answer how institutional and regulatory designs regarding the allocation of property rights facilitate, and even promote, this scenario of agrarian inequality and what is the origin of said designs; starting from the basis that every institutional design is a product of political arrangements between different interest groups (agrarian elites, peasants, ethnic groups, private sector), seeking to understand what leads the Colombian state to adopt some designs over other possible ones.
Effective start/end date8/28/208/27/23

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being

Main Funding Source

  • National


  • Bogotá D.C.


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