Risk factors for ocular toxoplasmosis among uveitis patients in Kinshasa, DR Congo

Nadine Nsiangani Lusambo, Dieudonne Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo, Dieudonne Mumba Ngoyi, Pierre Akilimali Zalagile, Alejandra De-La-Torre

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de Investigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)


Objective To identify the risk factors associated with ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) in a cohort of Congolese patients with uveitis. Methods and analysis A cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2020 and July 2021 in two ophthalmic clinics in Kinshasa. Patients with a diagnosis of uveitis were enrolled in the study. Each patient underwent an interview, an ophthalmological examination and serology testing. Logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for OT. Results 212 patients were included in the study with a mean age at presentation of 42.1±15.9 years (limits: 8-74 years) and a sex ratio of 1.1:1. OT concerned 96 patients (45.3%). The age of the patients below 60 years (p=0.001, OR=9.75 CI 95% 2.51 to37.80)), the consumption of cat meat (p=0.01, OR=2.65 CI 95% 1.18 to 5.96)) and undercooked meat (p=0.044, OR=2.30 CI 95% 1.02 to 5.21)) and living in rural area (p=0.021, OR=11.4 (CI 95% 1.45 to 89.84])) were identified as risk factors for OT. Conclusion OT affects more young people. It is associated with dietary habits. Informing and educating the population is necessary to avoid infection.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Número de artículoe001198
PublicaciónBMJ Open Ophthalmology
EstadoPublicada - ene. 20 2023

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Oftalmología


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