Religious commitment, subjective income, and satisfaction towards the functioning of democracy in latin america. A mediation analysis model based on Latinobarómetro

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Resumen

Resumen: La religión y la política en América Latina mantienen una estrecha relación que, junto con un trasfondo histórico en la colonización europea, se mantiene vigente tanto por estar institucionalizada en algunos partidos políticos o ideologías, como diluida en las sociedades que conforman esta región. En este trabajo se examina la relación entre tres variables: compromiso religioso, ingreso subjetivo y satisfacción hacia el funcionamiento de las democracias latinoamericanas. Para ello, hemos construido un modelo hipotético basado en un análisis de mediación de 20.204 encuestas recogidas por Latinobarómetro en 2016. Los resultados confirman la existencia de un efecto positivo indirecto que está motivado por el compromiso religioso, y que media entre el ingreso percibido y la satisfacción con la democracia en América Latina. En otras palabras, a medida que los encuestados reconozcan que tienen un mayor ingreso subjetivo y un mayor compromiso religioso, probablemente manifestarán una mayor satisfacción hacia el funcionamiento de la democracia. Este comportamiento pone de relieve la naturaleza referencial de la experiencia religiosa al contribuir al fortalecimiento emocional del contexto social percibido por los latinoamericanos.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo198
PublicaciónReligions
Volumen9
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublished - jun 20 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Religious studies

Citar esto

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abstract = "Religion and politics in Latin America maintain a close relation that, along with a historical background in European colonization, remains in force through both being institutionalized in some political parties or ideologies, and diluted in the societies that make up this region. This paper examines the relation between three variables: religious commitment, subjective income, and satisfaction toward the functioning of Latin American democracies. To do so, we have constructed a hypothetical model based on a mediation analysis of 20,204 surveys that were collected by Latinobar{\'o}metro in 2016. The results confirm the existence of an indirect positive effect that is motivated by religious commitment, and mediates between perceived income and being satisfied with democracy in Latin America. In other words, as the respondents recognize that they have a greater subjective income and a greater religious commitment, they will probably manifest greater satisfaction toward the functioning of democracy. Such behavior highlights the referential nature of the religious experience by contributing to the emotional reinforcement of the social context perceived by Latin Americans.",
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N2 - Religion and politics in Latin America maintain a close relation that, along with a historical background in European colonization, remains in force through both being institutionalized in some political parties or ideologies, and diluted in the societies that make up this region. This paper examines the relation between three variables: religious commitment, subjective income, and satisfaction toward the functioning of Latin American democracies. To do so, we have constructed a hypothetical model based on a mediation analysis of 20,204 surveys that were collected by Latinobarómetro in 2016. The results confirm the existence of an indirect positive effect that is motivated by religious commitment, and mediates between perceived income and being satisfied with democracy in Latin America. In other words, as the respondents recognize that they have a greater subjective income and a greater religious commitment, they will probably manifest greater satisfaction toward the functioning of democracy. Such behavior highlights the referential nature of the religious experience by contributing to the emotional reinforcement of the social context perceived by Latin Americans.

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