High-speed resistance training in elderly women

Effects of cluster training sets on functional performance and quality of life

Título traducido de la contribución: Entrenamiento de resistencia de alta velocidad en mujeres mayores: Efectos de los conjuntos de entrenamiento en grupo sobre el desempeño funcional y la calidad de vida

Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Antonio Garcìa-Hermoso, Carlos Celis-Morales, Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Paulo Gentil, Mikel Izquierdo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objetivo: Comparar los efectos de 12 semanas de entrenamiento de resistencia de alta velocidad sobre el rendimiento funcional y la calidad de vida en mujeres de edad avanzada cuando se utiliza una configuración de conjuntos tradicionales (ST) o de grupos (CS) para el descanso entre conjuntos. Métodos: Se formaron tres grupos de sujetos mediante la aleatorización de diseño de bloques de la siguiente manera: i) grupo control (CG, n = 17; edad, 66,5 ± 5,4 años); ii) grupo de entrenamiento de resistencia de alta velocidad de 12 semanas en una configuración CS (CSG, n = 15; edad, 67,6 ± 5,4 años); y iii) grupo de entrenamiento de resistencia de alta velocidad de 12 semanas en una configuración TS (TSG, n = 20; edad, 68,0 ± 5,3 años). El entrenamiento se llevó a cabo tres veces por semana, incluyendo ejercicios de entrenamiento de resistencia de alta velocidad. La principal diferencia entre los grupos de entrenamiento fue la estructura del set de recuperación. En la TSG, las mujeres descansaron durante 150 s después de cada serie de ocho repeticiones, mientras que en la CSG se utilizó una redistribución del descanso de interés, de manera que después de dos repeticiones consecutivas, se permitió un descanso de 30 s. Resultados: Se observaron interacciones de grupo × prueba para una prueba de velocidad de marcha de 10 m, una prueba de ascenso y descenso de 8 pies, una prueba de bipedestación y una prueba de calidad de vida física (p < 0,05; d = 0,12-0,81). Los principales resultados sugieren que ambos métodos de entrenamiento mejoran el rendimiento funcional y la calidad de vida, sin embargo, la configuración CS indujo mejoras significativamente mayores en el rendimiento funcional y la calidad de vida que la configuración TS. Conclusión: Estos resultados deben ser considerados al diseñar programas de entrenamiento de resistencia apropiados y mejores para los adultos mayores.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)216-222
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónExperimental Gerontology
Volumen110
DOI
EstadoPublished - sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Citar esto

Ramirez-Campillo, R., Alvarez, C., Garcìa-Hermoso, A., Celis-Morales, C., Ramirez-Velez, R., Gentil, P., & Izquierdo, M. (2018). High-speed resistance training in elderly women: Effects of cluster training sets on functional performance and quality of life. Experimental Gerontology, 110, 216-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2018.06.014
Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Alvarez, Cristian ; Garcìa-Hermoso, Antonio ; Celis-Morales, Carlos ; Ramirez-Velez, Robinson ; Gentil, Paulo ; Izquierdo, Mikel. / High-speed resistance training in elderly women : Effects of cluster training sets on functional performance and quality of life. En: Experimental Gerontology. 2018 ; Vol. 110. pp. 216-222.
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abstract = "Objective: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of high-speed resistance training on functional performance and quality of life in elderly women when using either a traditional-set (TS) or a cluster-set (CS) configuration for inter-set rest. Methods: Three groups of subjects were formed by block-design randomization as follows: (i) control group (CG, n = 17; age, 66.5 ± 5.4 years); (ii) 12-week high-speed resistance training group under a CS configuration (CSG, n = 15; age, 67.6 ± 5.4 years); and (iii) 12-week high-speed resistance training group under a TS configuration (TSG, n = 20; age, 68.0 ± 5.3 years). Training was undertaken three times per week, including high-speed resistance training exercises. The main difference between the training groups was the recovery set structure. In the TSG, women rested for 150 s after each set of eight repetitions, whereas the CSG used an interest rest redistribution, such that after two consecutive repetitions, a 30-s rest was allowed. Results: Group × test interactions were observed for a 10-m walking speed test, an 8-foot up-and-go test, a sit-to-stand test, and physical quality of life (p < 0.05; d = 0.12–0.81). The main results suggest that both training methods improve functional performance and quality of life, however, the CS configuration induced significantly greater improvements in functional performance and quality of life than the TS configuration. Conclusion: These results should be considered when designing appropriate and better resistance training programs for older adults.",
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Ramirez-Campillo, R, Alvarez, C, Garcìa-Hermoso, A, Celis-Morales, C, Ramirez-Velez, R, Gentil, P & Izquierdo, M 2018, 'High-speed resistance training in elderly women: Effects of cluster training sets on functional performance and quality of life', Experimental Gerontology, vol. 110, pp. 216-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2018.06.014

High-speed resistance training in elderly women : Effects of cluster training sets on functional performance and quality of life. / Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Alvarez, Cristian; Garcìa-Hermoso, Antonio; Celis-Morales, Carlos; Ramirez-Velez, Robinson; Gentil, Paulo; Izquierdo, Mikel.

En: Experimental Gerontology, Vol. 110, 01.09.2018, p. 216-222.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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AU - Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Alvarez, Cristian

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AU - Celis-Morales, Carlos

AU - Ramirez-Velez, Robinson

AU - Gentil, Paulo

AU - Izquierdo, Mikel

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N2 - Objective: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of high-speed resistance training on functional performance and quality of life in elderly women when using either a traditional-set (TS) or a cluster-set (CS) configuration for inter-set rest. Methods: Three groups of subjects were formed by block-design randomization as follows: (i) control group (CG, n = 17; age, 66.5 ± 5.4 years); (ii) 12-week high-speed resistance training group under a CS configuration (CSG, n = 15; age, 67.6 ± 5.4 years); and (iii) 12-week high-speed resistance training group under a TS configuration (TSG, n = 20; age, 68.0 ± 5.3 years). Training was undertaken three times per week, including high-speed resistance training exercises. The main difference between the training groups was the recovery set structure. In the TSG, women rested for 150 s after each set of eight repetitions, whereas the CSG used an interest rest redistribution, such that after two consecutive repetitions, a 30-s rest was allowed. Results: Group × test interactions were observed for a 10-m walking speed test, an 8-foot up-and-go test, a sit-to-stand test, and physical quality of life (p < 0.05; d = 0.12–0.81). The main results suggest that both training methods improve functional performance and quality of life, however, the CS configuration induced significantly greater improvements in functional performance and quality of life than the TS configuration. Conclusion: These results should be considered when designing appropriate and better resistance training programs for older adults.

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Ramirez-Campillo R, Alvarez C, Garcìa-Hermoso A, Celis-Morales C, Ramirez-Velez R, Gentil P y otros. High-speed resistance training in elderly women: Effects of cluster training sets on functional performance and quality of life. Experimental Gerontology. 2018 sep 1;110:216-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2018.06.014