Uncertainties in Earthquake Source Spectrum Estimation Using Empirical Green Functions

Germán A. Prieto, Robert L. Parker, Frank L. Vernon, Peter M. Shearer, David J. Thomson

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo en Libro/Reporte/ConferenciaCapítulo

14 Citas (SciVal)

Resumen

We analyze the problem of reliably estimating uncertainties of the earthquake source spectrum and related source parameters using Empirical Green Functions (EGF). We take advantage of the large dataset available from 10 seismic stations at hypocentral distances (10 km < d < 50 km) to average spectral ratios of the 2001 M5.1 Anza earthquake and 160 nearby aftershocks. We estimate the uncertainty of the average source spectrum of the M5.1 target earthquake by performing propagation of errors, which, due to the large number of EGFs used, is significantly smaller than that obtained using a single EGF. Our approach provides estimates of both the earthquake source spectrum and its uncertainties, plus confidence intervals on related source parameters such as radiated seismic energy or apparent stress, allowing the assessment of statistical significance. This is of paramount importance when comparing different sized earthquakes and analyzing source scaling of the earthquake rupture process. Our best estimate of radiated energy for the target earthquake is 1.24 × 1011 Joules with 95% confidence intervals (0.73 × 1011, 2.28 × 1011). The estimated apparent stress of 0.33 (0.19, 0.59) MPa is relatively low compared to previous estimates from smaller earthquakes (1MPa) in the same region.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Título de la publicación alojadaEarthquakes
Subtítulo de la publicación alojadaRadiated Energy and the Physics of Faulting
EditorialAmerican Geophysical Union
Páginas69-74
Número de páginas6
ISBN (versión digital)9781118666272
ISBN (versión impresa)0875904351, 9780875904351
DOI
EstadoPublicada - mar 19 2013
Publicado de forma externa

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Física y astronomía (todo)

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