The relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Family Income, and Meausers of Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Colombian Schoolchildren

JE Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Gavin R.H. Sandercock, Felipe Lobelo, Gustavo Tovar, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Gundi Knies

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

    Resumen

    OBJECTIVE:
    To determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and physical fitness in a sample of Colombian youth.

    STUDY DESIGN:
    Prueba SER is cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia. Mass, stature, muscular fitness (standing long-jump, handgrip), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run) were measured in 52?187 schoolchildren 14-16 years of age. Area-level SES was categorized from 1 (very low) to 4 (high) and parent-reported family income was categorized as low, middle, or high.

    RESULTS:
    Converting measures into z scores showed stature, muscular, and cardiorespiratory fitness were significantly (z?=?0.3-0.7) below European values. Children in the mid- and high SES groups jumped significantly further than groups with very low SES. Differences were independent of sex but became nonsignificant when adjusted for anthropometric differences. Participants in the mid-SES and high-SES groups had better handgrip scores when adjusted for body dimension. There were, however, no significant between-group differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, which was strongly clustered by school and significantly greater in students from private schools.

    CONCLUSIONS:
    Area-level SES is associated with measures of muscular fitness in Colombian schoolchildren. These associations were largely explained by the large differences in body dimensions observed between SES groups. When area-level SES is considered, there was no evidence that family income influenced fitness. The clustering of outcomes reaffirms the potential importance of schools and area-level factors in promoting fitness through opportunities for physical activity. Interventions implemented in schools, can improve academic attainment; a factor likely to be important in promoting the social mobility of children from poorer families.
    Idioma originalEnglish (US)
    Páginas (desde-hasta)81-87
    Número de páginas6
    PublicaciónJournal of Pediatrics
    Volumen185
    DOI
    EstadoPublished - jun 2017

    Huella dactilar

    Social Class
    Social Mobility
    Cardiorespiratory Fitness
    Physical Fitness
    Colombia
    Cluster Analysis
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Exercise
    Students

    Citar esto

    Correa-Bautista, JE ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson ; Sandercock, Gavin R.H. ; Lobelo, Felipe ; Tovar, Gustavo ; Cohen, Daniel Dylan ; Knies, Gundi. / The relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Family Income, and Meausers of Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Colombian Schoolchildren. En: Journal of Pediatrics. 2017 ; Vol. 185. pp. 81-87.
    @article{b5a6d12fdd8b496aa7043e820d03368a,
    title = "The relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Family Income, and Meausers of Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Colombian Schoolchildren",
    abstract = "OBJECTIVE:To determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and physical fitness in a sample of Colombian youth.STUDY DESIGN:Prueba SER is cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia. Mass, stature, muscular fitness (standing long-jump, handgrip), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run) were measured in 52?187 schoolchildren 14-16 years of age. Area-level SES was categorized from 1 (very low) to 4 (high) and parent-reported family income was categorized as low, middle, or high.RESULTS:Converting measures into z scores showed stature, muscular, and cardiorespiratory fitness were significantly (z?=?0.3-0.7) below European values. Children in the mid- and high SES groups jumped significantly further than groups with very low SES. Differences were independent of sex but became nonsignificant when adjusted for anthropometric differences. Participants in the mid-SES and high-SES groups had better handgrip scores when adjusted for body dimension. There were, however, no significant between-group differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, which was strongly clustered by school and significantly greater in students from private schools.CONCLUSIONS:Area-level SES is associated with measures of muscular fitness in Colombian schoolchildren. These associations were largely explained by the large differences in body dimensions observed between SES groups. When area-level SES is considered, there was no evidence that family income influenced fitness. The clustering of outcomes reaffirms the potential importance of schools and area-level factors in promoting fitness through opportunities for physical activity. Interventions implemented in schools, can improve academic attainment; a factor likely to be important in promoting the social mobility of children from poorer families.",
    author = "JE Correa-Bautista and Robinson Ram{\'i}rez-V{\'e}lez and Sandercock, {Gavin R.H.} and Felipe Lobelo and Gustavo Tovar and Cohen, {Daniel Dylan} and Gundi Knies",
    year = "2017",
    month = "6",
    doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.12.058",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "185",
    pages = "81--87",
    journal = "Journal of Pediatrics",
    issn = "0022-3476",
    publisher = "Mosby Inc.",

    }

    The relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Family Income, and Meausers of Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Colombian Schoolchildren. / Correa-Bautista, JE; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; Sandercock, Gavin R.H.; Lobelo, Felipe; Tovar, Gustavo; Cohen, Daniel Dylan; Knies, Gundi.

    En: Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 185, 06.2017, p. 81-87.

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Family Income, and Meausers of Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Colombian Schoolchildren

    AU - Correa-Bautista, JE

    AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

    AU - Sandercock, Gavin R.H.

    AU - Lobelo, Felipe

    AU - Tovar, Gustavo

    AU - Cohen, Daniel Dylan

    AU - Knies, Gundi

    PY - 2017/6

    Y1 - 2017/6

    N2 - OBJECTIVE:To determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and physical fitness in a sample of Colombian youth.STUDY DESIGN:Prueba SER is cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia. Mass, stature, muscular fitness (standing long-jump, handgrip), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run) were measured in 52?187 schoolchildren 14-16 years of age. Area-level SES was categorized from 1 (very low) to 4 (high) and parent-reported family income was categorized as low, middle, or high.RESULTS:Converting measures into z scores showed stature, muscular, and cardiorespiratory fitness were significantly (z?=?0.3-0.7) below European values. Children in the mid- and high SES groups jumped significantly further than groups with very low SES. Differences were independent of sex but became nonsignificant when adjusted for anthropometric differences. Participants in the mid-SES and high-SES groups had better handgrip scores when adjusted for body dimension. There were, however, no significant between-group differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, which was strongly clustered by school and significantly greater in students from private schools.CONCLUSIONS:Area-level SES is associated with measures of muscular fitness in Colombian schoolchildren. These associations were largely explained by the large differences in body dimensions observed between SES groups. When area-level SES is considered, there was no evidence that family income influenced fitness. The clustering of outcomes reaffirms the potential importance of schools and area-level factors in promoting fitness through opportunities for physical activity. Interventions implemented in schools, can improve academic attainment; a factor likely to be important in promoting the social mobility of children from poorer families.

    AB - OBJECTIVE:To determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and physical fitness in a sample of Colombian youth.STUDY DESIGN:Prueba SER is cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia. Mass, stature, muscular fitness (standing long-jump, handgrip), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run) were measured in 52?187 schoolchildren 14-16 years of age. Area-level SES was categorized from 1 (very low) to 4 (high) and parent-reported family income was categorized as low, middle, or high.RESULTS:Converting measures into z scores showed stature, muscular, and cardiorespiratory fitness were significantly (z?=?0.3-0.7) below European values. Children in the mid- and high SES groups jumped significantly further than groups with very low SES. Differences were independent of sex but became nonsignificant when adjusted for anthropometric differences. Participants in the mid-SES and high-SES groups had better handgrip scores when adjusted for body dimension. There were, however, no significant between-group differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, which was strongly clustered by school and significantly greater in students from private schools.CONCLUSIONS:Area-level SES is associated with measures of muscular fitness in Colombian schoolchildren. These associations were largely explained by the large differences in body dimensions observed between SES groups. When area-level SES is considered, there was no evidence that family income influenced fitness. The clustering of outcomes reaffirms the potential importance of schools and area-level factors in promoting fitness through opportunities for physical activity. Interventions implemented in schools, can improve academic attainment; a factor likely to be important in promoting the social mobility of children from poorer families.

    U2 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.12.058

    DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.12.058

    M3 - Article

    VL - 185

    SP - 81

    EP - 87

    JO - Journal of Pediatrics

    JF - Journal of Pediatrics

    SN - 0022-3476

    ER -