The Long Pentraxin 3 and Its Role in Autoimmunity

Oscar Danilo Ortega-Hernandez, Nicola Bassi, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Juan Manuel Anaya

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

54 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objectives: To review the physiological and physiopathological roles of pentraxin 3 (PTX3), focusing on autoimmunity and vascular pathology. Methods: A systematic literature review using the keywords "pentraxin 3," "innate immunity," "apoptosis," "autoimmunity," and "endothelial dysfunction" from 1990 to 2007 was performed. All relevant articles and pertinent secondary references in English were reviewed. Results: PTX3 has a large number of multiple functions in different contexts. PTX3 plays an important role in innate immunity, inflammation, vascular integrity, fertility, pregnancy, and also in the central nervous system. In innate immunity, its normal function is to increase the immune response to selected pathogens while also exerting control over potential autoimmune reactions. It maintains a tightly homeostatic equilibrium in the local immune microenvironment by avoiding an exaggerated immune response and controlling peripheral tolerance to self-antigens. In contrast, in some autoimmune diseases, PTX3 appears to be involved in the development of autoimmune phenomena. A possible explanation for these apparent paradoxical functions may be related to the highly polymorphic PTX3 gene. Conclusion: PTX3 is physiologically a protective molecule. However, in several autoimmune diseases PTX3 appears to facilitate the development of autoimmunity. The PTX3 gene could influence the development of autoimmune reactions and vascular involvement in human pathology. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)38-54
Número de páginas17
PublicaciónSeminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
DOI
EstadoPublished - ago 1 2009

Huella dactilar

Autoimmunity
Innate Immunity
Blood Vessels
Autoimmune Diseases
Pathology
Peripheral Tolerance
PTX3 protein
Autoantigens
Genes
Fertility
Central Nervous System
Apoptosis
Inflammation
Pregnancy

Citar esto

Ortega-Hernandez, Oscar Danilo ; Bassi, Nicola ; Shoenfeld, Yehuda ; Anaya, Juan Manuel. / The Long Pentraxin 3 and Its Role in Autoimmunity. En: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2009 ; pp. 38-54.
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The Long Pentraxin 3 and Its Role in Autoimmunity. / Ortega-Hernandez, Oscar Danilo; Bassi, Nicola; Shoenfeld, Yehuda; Anaya, Juan Manuel.

En: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, 01.08.2009, p. 38-54.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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AU - Shoenfeld, Yehuda

AU - Anaya, Juan Manuel

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N2 - Objectives: To review the physiological and physiopathological roles of pentraxin 3 (PTX3), focusing on autoimmunity and vascular pathology. Methods: A systematic literature review using the keywords "pentraxin 3," "innate immunity," "apoptosis," "autoimmunity," and "endothelial dysfunction" from 1990 to 2007 was performed. All relevant articles and pertinent secondary references in English were reviewed. Results: PTX3 has a large number of multiple functions in different contexts. PTX3 plays an important role in innate immunity, inflammation, vascular integrity, fertility, pregnancy, and also in the central nervous system. In innate immunity, its normal function is to increase the immune response to selected pathogens while also exerting control over potential autoimmune reactions. It maintains a tightly homeostatic equilibrium in the local immune microenvironment by avoiding an exaggerated immune response and controlling peripheral tolerance to self-antigens. In contrast, in some autoimmune diseases, PTX3 appears to be involved in the development of autoimmune phenomena. A possible explanation for these apparent paradoxical functions may be related to the highly polymorphic PTX3 gene. Conclusion: PTX3 is physiologically a protective molecule. However, in several autoimmune diseases PTX3 appears to facilitate the development of autoimmunity. The PTX3 gene could influence the development of autoimmune reactions and vascular involvement in human pathology. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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