Severe Mental Illness Program, impact and response of structured interentions in a group of patients in Bogota, Colombia.

Título traducido de la contribución: Programa de Enfermedad Mental Severa: Respuesta e impacto de un modelo de intervenciones estructuradas en un grupo de pacientes en Bogotá, Colombia

Martha Patricia Saavedra García, Rodrigo Nel Cordoba Rojas, Carlos Pedraza, Juan F. Cano

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una conferenciaPósterrevisión exhaustiva

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Resumen

Introduction: Severe Mental Illness is a theoretical concept that refers to a series of clinical chronic conditions, with high prevalence and impact on patients, their environment and health systems. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) defines Severe Mental Illness as a mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that results in a serious impairment that interferes and limits one or more activities of daily living. Based on this definition, the Severe Mental Illness program has designed a series of interventions developed within a determined time frame, as well at group as at individual level, taking into account the main affectations of the population with severe mental disorder (diagnosis confirmed by structured interview M.I.N.I.)
Methods: Interventions were aimed at reducing the impact this condition has on the quality of life, overall functioning and burden of disease on patients and their support network. Fulfillment of these objectives is evaluated on the basis of analysis of data obtained in periodic evaluations carried out on a cohort of patients, which include the application of PSP scale, GAF scale, RUQ questionnaire (modified), MOCA test, the Quality of Life Scale GENCAT, and the Basic Evaluation of Living Skills BELS. All this instruments are meant to identify clinical, functional, cognitive characteristics and use of health resources throughout the program.
Results: Charts 1, 2 and 3 show the evolution and improvement of the cohort of patients in the five domains evaluated for functionality. Four measurements are shown over time where the achievement of the objectives is evidenced.
According to periodic evaluations the efficacy of structured interventions was noted not only in fulfillment of objectives, but also, in benefits at multiple levels: functioning, reduction of hospital bed days and benefits in cognitive performance.
Discussion: Individual treatment plans based on patient’s characteristics and their support network, along with periodic monitoring of goal’s achievements were part of pillar tools for success. The patients reached greater independence in daily life, remission of symptoms, adherence to treatment, cognitive strengthening, development of occupational activities and participation in social areas, as observed in the evaluations presented.
Título traducido de la contribuciónPrograma de Enfermedad Mental Severa: Respuesta e impacto de un modelo de intervenciones estructuradas en un grupo de pacientes en Bogotá, Colombia
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas802-802
Número de páginas1
EstadoPublicada - may 21 2019
EventoAmerican Psychiatric Association (APA) 172nd Annual Meeting - Moscone Center, San Francisco, Estados Unidos
Duración: may 18 2019may 22 2019
Número de conferencia: P8-177

Conferencia

ConferenciaAmerican Psychiatric Association (APA) 172nd Annual Meeting
Título abreviadoAPA
PaísEstados Unidos
CiudadSan Francisco
Período5/18/195/22/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicina (todo)

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