Sanitation and child health in India

Título traducido de la contribución: Saneamiento y salud infantil en la India

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen


Nuestro estudio contribuye a la comprensión de los factores clave del crecimiento atrofiado, un factor ampliamente reconocido como un impedimento importante para el desarrollo del capital humano. Específicamente, examinamos los efectos de la cobertura y el uso de saneamiento sobre la estatura de los niños por edad en un entorno semiurbano en el norte de la India. Aunque hace tiempo que se reconoce que el saneamiento, definido en términos generales como un medio higiénico de promover la salud mediante la prevención del contacto humano con los peligros de los desechos, en particular los desechos humanos, es un elemento indispensable de los programas de prevención de enfermedades y de atención primaria de la salud, un gran número de estudios recientes de evaluación de los efectos de las intervenciones en materia de saneamiento en los países de bajos ingresos no logran encontrar ninguna mejora en la salud. Abordamos la endogeneidad de la cobertura de saneamiento a través de un enfoque instrumental variable, explotando las variaciones en los precios de construcción de las materias primas. Al hacerlo, encontramos que la cobertura de saneamiento juega un papel significativo y positivo en el crecimiento en altura durante los primeros años de vida y que esta relación causal se mantiene particularmente para las niñas. Nuestros hallazgos sugieren que una política que apunta a aumentar la cobertura de saneamiento en un contexto como el que aquí se estudia, no sólo es eficaz para reducir el retraso en el crecimiento de los niños, sino que también se dirige implícitamente a las niñas.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)22-39
Número de páginas18
PublicaciónWorld Development
Volumen107
DOI
EstadoPublished - jul 1 2018

Huella dactilar

child health
sanitation
coverage
India
health
raw materials
human capital
primary health care
low income
driver
contact
health care
Disease
Children's health
Sanitation
evaluation
hazard
income

Citar esto

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title = "Sanitation and child health in India",
abstract = "Our study contributes to the understanding of key drivers of stunted growth, a factor widely recognized as major impediment to human capital development. Specifically, we examine the effects of sanitation coverage and usage on child height for age in a semi-urban setting in Northern India. Although sanitation – broadly defined as hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes, particularly human waste – has long been acknowledged as an indispensable element of disease prevention and primary health care programmes, a large number of recent impact evaluation studies on sanitation interventions in low income countries fail to find any health improvements. We address endogeneity of sanitation coverage through an instrumental variable approach, exploiting variation in raw material construction prices. Doing so, we find that sanitation coverage plays a significant and positive role in height growth during the first years of life and that this causal relationship holds particularly for girls. Our findings suggest that a policy that aims to increase sanitation coverage in a context such as the one studied here, is not only effective in reducing child stunting but also implicitly targets girls.",
author = "Britta Augsburg and Rodr{\'i}guez-Lesmes, {Paul Andr{\'e}s}",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.02.005",
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Sanitation and child health in India. / Augsburg, Britta; Rodríguez-Lesmes, Paul Andrés.

En: World Development, Vol. 107, 01.07.2018, p. 22-39.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sanitation and child health in India

AU - Augsburg, Britta

AU - Rodríguez-Lesmes, Paul Andrés

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AB - Our study contributes to the understanding of key drivers of stunted growth, a factor widely recognized as major impediment to human capital development. Specifically, we examine the effects of sanitation coverage and usage on child height for age in a semi-urban setting in Northern India. Although sanitation – broadly defined as hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes, particularly human waste – has long been acknowledged as an indispensable element of disease prevention and primary health care programmes, a large number of recent impact evaluation studies on sanitation interventions in low income countries fail to find any health improvements. We address endogeneity of sanitation coverage through an instrumental variable approach, exploiting variation in raw material construction prices. Doing so, we find that sanitation coverage plays a significant and positive role in height growth during the first years of life and that this causal relationship holds particularly for girls. Our findings suggest that a policy that aims to increase sanitation coverage in a context such as the one studied here, is not only effective in reducing child stunting but also implicitly targets girls.

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