Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014

Título traducido de la contribución: Minería subterránea de carbón: Relación entre los niveles de polvo de carbón y la neumoconiosis, en dos regiones de Colombia, 2014

Carlos Humberto Torres Rey, Milciades Ibañez Pinilla, Leonardo Briceño Ayala, Diana Milena Checa Guerrero, Gloria Morgan Torres, Helena Groot De Restrepo, Marcela Varona Uribe

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a libro /Tipo informe o reporteCapítulo

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

En Colombia, la neumoconiosis de los mineros del carbón se considera un problema de salud pública debido a su irreversibilidad, el alto costo del diagnóstico y la falta de datos relacionados con su prevalencia en el país. Por lo tanto, se realizó un estudio transversal para determinar la prevalencia de neumoconiosis en trabajadores de la minería subterránea del carbón en dos regiones de Colombia. Los resultados mostraron una prevalencia de neumoconiosis del 35,9% en el grupo de estudio (42,3% en la región 1 y 29,9% en la región 2). Se encontró una asociación entre un diagnóstico radiológico de neumoconiosis y un nivel de riesgo medio de exposición al polvo de carbono (OR: 2,901; IC del 95%: 0,937; 8,982), empresas medianas (OR: 2,301; IC del 95%: 1,260; 4,201), duración del trabajo minero mayor de 25 años (OR: 3,222; IC del 95%: 1,806; 5,748) y antecedentes de tabaquismo durante más de un año (OR: 1,479; IC del 95%: 0,938; 2,334). Estos resultados establecen la necesidad de generar una estrategia de intervención dirigida a prevenir los factores identificados, así como una identificación oportuna y un tratamiento efectivo de la neumoconiosis en los mineros del carbón, en la que se garantice el compromiso del Sistema General de Salud y Seguridad Social y del sistema de compensación al trabajador.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Título de la publicación alojadaBioMed Research International
EditorialHindawi Publishing Corporation
Número de páginas8
Volumen2015
ISBN (versión impresa)2314-6133
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2015

Serie de la publicación

NombreBioMed Research International
Volumen2015

Huella dactilar

Coal Mining
Pneumoconiosis
Colombia
Coal
Dust
Workers' Compensation
Social Security
Carbon
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

Citar esto

Torres Rey, C. H., Ibañez Pinilla, M., Briceño Ayala, L., Checa Guerrero, D. M., Morgan Torres, G., Groot De Restrepo, H., & Varona Uribe, M. (2015). Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. En BioMed Research International (Vol. 2015). [647878] (BioMed Research International; Vol. 2015). Hindawi Publishing Corporation. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/647878
Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto ; Ibañez Pinilla, Milciades ; Briceño Ayala, Leonardo ; Checa Guerrero, Diana Milena ; Morgan Torres, Gloria ; Groot De Restrepo, Helena ; Varona Uribe, Marcela. / Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. BioMed Research International. Vol. 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015. (BioMed Research International).
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abstract = "In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9{\%} prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3{\%} in region 1 and 29.9{\%} in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95{\%} CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95{\%} CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95{\%} CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95{\%} CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.",
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Torres Rey, CH, Ibañez Pinilla, M, Briceño Ayala, L, Checa Guerrero, DM, Morgan Torres, G, Groot De Restrepo, H & Varona Uribe, M 2015, Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. En BioMed Research International. vol. 2015, 647878, BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Hindawi Publishing Corporation. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/647878

Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. / Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto; Ibañez Pinilla, Milciades; Briceño Ayala, Leonardo; Checa Guerrero, Diana Milena; Morgan Torres, Gloria; Groot De Restrepo, Helena; Varona Uribe, Marcela.

BioMed Research International. Vol. 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015. 647878 (BioMed Research International; Vol. 2015).

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a libro /Tipo informe o reporteCapítulo

TY - CHAP

T1 - Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014

AU - Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto

AU - Ibañez Pinilla, Milciades

AU - Briceño Ayala, Leonardo

AU - Checa Guerrero, Diana Milena

AU - Morgan Torres, Gloria

AU - Groot De Restrepo, Helena

AU - Varona Uribe, Marcela

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95% CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95% CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95% CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95% CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.

AB - In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95% CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95% CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95% CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95% CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified factors, as well as a timely identification and effective treatment of pneumoconiosis in coal miners, in which the commitment of the General Health and Social Security System and the workers compensation system is ensured.

U2 - 10.1155/2015/647878

DO - 10.1155/2015/647878

M3 - Chapter

C2 - 26366418

SN - 2314-6133

VL - 2015

T3 - BioMed Research International

BT - BioMed Research International

PB - Hindawi Publishing Corporation

ER -

Torres Rey CH, Ibañez Pinilla M, Briceño Ayala L, Checa Guerrero DM, Morgan Torres G, Groot De Restrepo H y otros. Underground coal mining: Relationship between coal dust levels and pneumoconiosis, in two regions of Colombia, 2014. En BioMed Research International. Vol. 2015. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. 2015. 647878. (BioMed Research International). https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/647878