The Relationships among Aging Stereotypes, Aging Anxiety, Social Support, Religiosity, and Expected Health among Colombians

Título traducido de la contribución: Las Relaciones entre los Estereotipos del Envejecimiento, la Ansiedad del Envejecimiento, el Apoyo Social, la Religiosidad y la Salud Esperada entre los Colombianos

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

Resumen

A medida que la población envejece en Colombia, el cuidado de los adultos mayores recae no sólo en la familia, sino también en la comunidad, incluyendo amigos y organizaciones religiosas. Si bien hay muy poca investigación sobre el envejecimiento en Colombia, es cada vez más urgente entender el papel del apoyo social a la creciente población de la tercera edad. Se realizaron dos estudios con una muestra de la comunidad en Bogotá, Colombia. En un estudio piloto, desarrollamos una medida de estereotipos positivos y negativos de los adultos mayores. En el estudio principal con participantes de entre 54 y 83 años de edad, exploramos las relaciones entre el apoyo a los estereotipos positivos y negativos, la ansiedad sobre el envejecimiento, la salud física y mental percibida y esperada, y las expectativas de apoyo social. Encontramos que la falta percibida de apoyo social y los estereotipos negativos predicen significativamente más ansiedad hacia el envejecimiento, mientras que las evaluaciones positivas de la propia salud mental predicen menos ansiedad. Sorprendentemente, las mayores expectativas de apoyo social predicen más ansiedad por el envejecimiento. A su vez, la ansiedad por el envejecimiento y los estereotipos positivos predijeron evaluaciones de la salud mental (pero no física). Además, las evaluaciones más deficientes de la salud física, la ansiedad por el envejecimiento y los estereotipos negativos (aunque sólo marginalmente) predicen significativamente mayores expectativas de apoyo social. Se discuten las implicaciones de los hallazgos.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas47-68
Número de páginas41
Volumen72
EstadoPublished - 2016

Huella dactilar

Social Support
Stereotyping
Anxiety
Colombia
Health
Mental Health
Ageism
Population
Organizations
Research

Citar esto

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title = "The Relationships among Aging Stereotypes, Aging Anxiety, Social Support, Religiosity, and Expected Health among Colombians",
abstract = "As the aging population in Colombia grows, caring for older adults falls not just to family but also to the community including friends and religious organizations. While there is very little research on ageism in Colombia, it is increasingly urgent to understand the role of social support of the growing older population. Two studies were conducted with a community sample in Bogot{\'a}, Colombia. In a pilot study, we developed a measure of positive and negative stereotyping of older adults. In the main study with participants aged between 54 and 83, we explored the relations among endorsement of positive and negative stereotypes, anxiety about aging, perceived and expected physical and mental health, and expectations of social support. We found that perceived lack of social support and negative stereotyping significantly predict more anxiety towards aging, while positive evaluations of one's own mental health predict less anxiety. Surprisingly, greater expectations of social support predict more aging anxiety. In turn, aging anxiety and positive stereotyping predicted evaluations of mental (but not physical) health. Additionally, poorer evaluations of physical health, aging anxiety and negative stereotyping (though only marginally) significantly predict greater expectations of social support. Implications of the findings are discussed.",
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N2 - As the aging population in Colombia grows, caring for older adults falls not just to family but also to the community including friends and religious organizations. While there is very little research on ageism in Colombia, it is increasingly urgent to understand the role of social support of the growing older population. Two studies were conducted with a community sample in Bogotá, Colombia. In a pilot study, we developed a measure of positive and negative stereotyping of older adults. In the main study with participants aged between 54 and 83, we explored the relations among endorsement of positive and negative stereotypes, anxiety about aging, perceived and expected physical and mental health, and expectations of social support. We found that perceived lack of social support and negative stereotyping significantly predict more anxiety towards aging, while positive evaluations of one's own mental health predict less anxiety. Surprisingly, greater expectations of social support predict more aging anxiety. In turn, aging anxiety and positive stereotyping predicted evaluations of mental (but not physical) health. Additionally, poorer evaluations of physical health, aging anxiety and negative stereotyping (though only marginally) significantly predict greater expectations of social support. Implications of the findings are discussed.

AB - As the aging population in Colombia grows, caring for older adults falls not just to family but also to the community including friends and religious organizations. While there is very little research on ageism in Colombia, it is increasingly urgent to understand the role of social support of the growing older population. Two studies were conducted with a community sample in Bogotá, Colombia. In a pilot study, we developed a measure of positive and negative stereotyping of older adults. In the main study with participants aged between 54 and 83, we explored the relations among endorsement of positive and negative stereotypes, anxiety about aging, perceived and expected physical and mental health, and expectations of social support. We found that perceived lack of social support and negative stereotyping significantly predict more anxiety towards aging, while positive evaluations of one's own mental health predict less anxiety. Surprisingly, greater expectations of social support predict more aging anxiety. In turn, aging anxiety and positive stereotyping predicted evaluations of mental (but not physical) health. Additionally, poorer evaluations of physical health, aging anxiety and negative stereotyping (though only marginally) significantly predict greater expectations of social support. Implications of the findings are discussed.

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BT - The Relationships among Aging Stereotypes, Aging Anxiety, Social Support, Religiosity, and Expected Health among Colombians

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