Inequality, Crime, and the Long Run: Legacy of Slavery

Título traducido de la contribución: La desigualdad, el crimen y el largo plazo : El legado de la esclavitud

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

Resumen

La estimación de los efectos de la desigualdad en la delincuencia es difícil debido a lo contrario
causalidad y sesgo variable omitido. El presente documento aborda estas preocupaciones
aprovechando el hecho de que, como sugieren recientes investigaciones académicas, la
La herencia de la esclavitud se manifiesta en gran medida en la persistencia de los niveles de pobreza económica.
desigualdad. La desigualdad económica a nivel municipal en Colombia es
instrumentado con una medida censal de la proporción de esclavos
antes de la abolición de la esclavitud en el siglo XIX. Se ha comprobado que
la desigualdad aumenta tanto los delitos contra la propiedad como los delitos violentos. Las estimaciones
son robustos a la hora de incluir los determinantes tradicionales de la delincuencia (como la población
densidad, proporción de jóvenes varones, nivel medio de educación, calidad de la educación, etc.
las instituciones encargadas de hacer cumplir la ley y la actividad económica en general), así como
características geográficas que pueden estar correlacionadas con el esclavo
economía y con el crimen, y las diferencias étnicas actuales. Las políticas destinadas a
en la reducción de la delincuencia estructural debe centrarse en la reducción de la delincuencia económica.
desigualdad.

Traducción realizada con el traductor www.DeepL.com/Translator
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de páginas35
EstadoPublished - abr 2017

Huella dactilar

slavery
offense
slave
economics
violent crime
population density
Colombia
law enforcement
causality
municipality
census
nineteenth century
determinants
economy
trend
education

Citar esto

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title = "Inequality, Crime, and the Long Run: Legacy of Slavery",
abstract = "Estimating the effect of inequality on crime is challenging due to reversecausality and omitted variable bias. This paper addresses these concernsby exploiting the fact that, as suggested by recent scholarly research, thelegacy of slavery is largely manifested in persistent levels of economicinequality. Municipality-level economic inequality in Colombia isinstrumented with a census-based measure of the proportion of slavesbefore the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century. It is found thatinequality increases both property crime and violent crime. The estimatesare robust to including traditional determinants of crime (like populationdensity, proportion of young males, average education level, quality oflaw enforcement institutions, and overall economic activity), as well asgeographic characteristics that may be correlated with both the slaveeconomy and with crime, and current ethnic differences. Policies aimingat reducing structural crime should focus on reducing economicinequality.",
author = "{Vargas Duque}, {Juan Fernando} and Paolo Buonanno",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
language = "English (US)",
type = "WorkingPaper",

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Inequality, Crime, and the Long Run: Legacy of Slavery. / Vargas Duque, Juan Fernando; Buonanno, Paolo.

2017.

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

TY - UNPB

T1 - Inequality, Crime, and the Long Run: Legacy of Slavery

AU - Vargas Duque, Juan Fernando

AU - Buonanno, Paolo

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - Estimating the effect of inequality on crime is challenging due to reversecausality and omitted variable bias. This paper addresses these concernsby exploiting the fact that, as suggested by recent scholarly research, thelegacy of slavery is largely manifested in persistent levels of economicinequality. Municipality-level economic inequality in Colombia isinstrumented with a census-based measure of the proportion of slavesbefore the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century. It is found thatinequality increases both property crime and violent crime. The estimatesare robust to including traditional determinants of crime (like populationdensity, proportion of young males, average education level, quality oflaw enforcement institutions, and overall economic activity), as well asgeographic characteristics that may be correlated with both the slaveeconomy and with crime, and current ethnic differences. Policies aimingat reducing structural crime should focus on reducing economicinequality.

AB - Estimating the effect of inequality on crime is challenging due to reversecausality and omitted variable bias. This paper addresses these concernsby exploiting the fact that, as suggested by recent scholarly research, thelegacy of slavery is largely manifested in persistent levels of economicinequality. Municipality-level economic inequality in Colombia isinstrumented with a census-based measure of the proportion of slavesbefore the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century. It is found thatinequality increases both property crime and violent crime. The estimatesare robust to including traditional determinants of crime (like populationdensity, proportion of young males, average education level, quality oflaw enforcement institutions, and overall economic activity), as well asgeographic characteristics that may be correlated with both the slaveeconomy and with crime, and current ethnic differences. Policies aimingat reducing structural crime should focus on reducing economicinequality.

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M3 - Working paper

BT - Inequality, Crime, and the Long Run: Legacy of Slavery

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