Incidence, prevalence, and demographic characteristics of ocular cicatricial pemphigoid in Colombia: data from the National Health Registry 2009-2019

Carlos Cifuentes-González, Stefania Amaris-Martínez, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Pilar Uribe-Reina, Alejandra de-La-Torre

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

• AIM: To provide an epidemiological characterization of ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) in Colombia. • METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using SISPRO. We applied the specific code of the International Classification of Diseases for Ocular Pemphigoid, from 2009-2019 to estimate prevalence, incidence, and the demographic status of the disease in Colombia. • RESULTS: The estimated average prevalence was 0.22 per 1 000 000 inhabitants, and the estimated average incidence was 0.24 per 1 000 000 inhabitants. With a female predominance of 62.5%, and a male/female ratio of 1:1.6. The group of patients diagnosed with the disease after the age of 80 presented the highest prevalence. The departments with the highest prevalence were Antioquia, Bogotá, and Santander. • CONCLUSION: There are important differences between worldwide and Colombian prevalence and incidence data, which may be related to genetic and epigenetic factors, and the possible underdiagnosis of the disease. According to the results, OCP is an extremely rare disease in Colombia. Nevertheless, it is important to encourage awareness of the disease due to its devastating consequences.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)1765-1770
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Ophthalmology
Volumen14
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublicada - nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oftalmología

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