Histories and Narratives of Yellow Fever in Latin America

Título traducido de la contribución: Historias y narrativas de la fiebre amarilla en América Latina

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a libro /Tipo informe o reporteCapítulo

Resumen

En este capítulo se debaten las perspectivas historiográficas que han dominado las narrativas históricas de la fiebre amarilla en América Latina. Casi invariablemente, los historiadores han asumido que los relatos anteriores de la fiebre amarilla se refieren a la misma fiebre amarilla que los historiadores conocen y entienden según la medicina moderna. Identificamos el desarrollo de la bacteriología médica como la línea divisoria entre las viejas ideas y el nuevo camino que condujo a las nociones actuales de la fiebre - como causada por un microorganismo, un virus. Pero no importa cómo intentemos historizar las nociones médicas acerca de la fiebre, la mayoría de nosotros en realidad hemos evitado las preguntas acerca de a qué se referían'vômito preto', vómito negro, fiebre amarilla o fiebres periódicas de la variedad de la fiebre amarilla, de acuerdo con las interpretaciones y visiones del mundo de los contemporáneos. La historiografía de la fiebre amarilla en América Latina parte del supuesto de que cuando los historiadores encuentran estos términos en documentos elaborados por médicos y responsables de la formulación de políticas en cualquier momento o lugar, esas expresiones se refieren invariablemente a la misma fiebre amarilla: enfermedad hemorrágica viral aguda transmitida por mosquitos infectados y distinguible gracias a síntomas destacados como ictericia, vómito negro y fiebre. La consecuencia no intencionada de esta decisión aparentemente no problemática es que ignoramos una de las cuestiones fundamentales relacionadas con el estudio histórico de las enfermedades: el carácter polémico del conocimiento médico, y por lo tanto de las cosas designadas por él. El objetivo de este capítulo es analizar el enfoque historiográfico de la fiebre amarilla, en particular el que da por sentado el conocimiento médico actual y realiza diagnósticos retrospectivos, un enfoque que podría denominarse presentismo en la historiografía de la fiebre amarilla.1 A continuación se resumen las diversas narrativas que se han producido desde este punto de vista. Finalmente, en la última parte de este capítulo se discute una breve exposición de algunas de las perspectivas y temas que podrían ayudarnos a sortear tal presentismo.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Título de la publicación alojadaRoutledge History of Disease
EditoresMark Jackson
EditorialRoutledge
Capítulo13
Páginas1-18
Número de páginas18
ISBN (versión impresa)9781134857944
EstadoPublished - 2017

Huella dactilar

Latin America
Yellow Fever
History
Fever
Historian
Medical Knowledge
Historiography
Presentism
Bacteriology
Doctors
Salient
Medicine
Microorganisms
Virus
Exposition
Politicians
Historical Narrative
World View
Fundamental

Citar esto

García, M. (2017). Histories and Narratives of Yellow Fever in Latin America. En M. Jackson (Ed.), Routledge History of Disease (pp. 1-18). Routledge.
García, Mónica. / Histories and Narratives of Yellow Fever in Latin America. Routledge History of Disease. editor / Mark Jackson. Routledge, 2017. pp. 1-18
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abstract = "This chapter debates the historiographical perspectives that have dominated historical narratives of yellow fever in Latin America. Almost invariably, historians have assumed that past accounts of yellow fever refer to the same yellow fever that historians know and understand according to modern medicine. We identify the development of medical bacteriology as the watershed between old ideas and the new path that led to current notions of the fever – as caused by a microorganism, a virus. But no matter how we intend to historicize medical notions about the fever, most of us have actually avoided questions about what did ‘v{\^o}mito preto’, black vomit, yellow fever or periodic fevers of the yellow fever variety refer to, according to contemporaries’ interpretations and worldviews. The historiography of yellow fever in Latin America conveys the assumption that when historians nd these terms in documents produced by doctors and policy-makers at any moment or location, those expressions refer invariably to one and the same yellow fever: acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes and distinguishable thanks to salient symptoms such as jaundice, black vomit and fever. The unintended consequence of this apparently unproblematic decision is that we ignore one of the fundamental questions related to studying diseases historically: the contentious character of medical knowledge, hence of the things designated by it. The aim of this chapter is to analyse the historiographical approach to yellow fever, particularly the one that takes for granted current medical knowledge and performs retrospective diagnosis – an approach that could be named presentism in the historiography of yellow fever.1 The varied narratives that have been produced from such a standpoint are summarized here. Finally, a brief exposition of some of the perspectives and themes that could help us to circumvent such presentism is discussed in the last part of this chapter.",
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García, M 2017, Histories and Narratives of Yellow Fever in Latin America. En M Jackson (ed.), Routledge History of Disease. Routledge, pp. 1-18.

Histories and Narratives of Yellow Fever in Latin America. / García, Mónica.

Routledge History of Disease. ed. / Mark Jackson. Routledge, 2017. p. 1-18.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a libro /Tipo informe o reporteCapítulo

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García M. Histories and Narratives of Yellow Fever in Latin America. En Jackson M, editor, Routledge History of Disease. Routledge. 2017. p. 1-18