False recognition in DRM lists with low association: A normative study

Sara Cadavid, María Soledad Beato

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

A wide array of studies have explored memory distortions with the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, where participants study lists of words (e.g., door, glass, pane, shade, ledge, etc.) that are associated to another nonpresented critical word (e.g., WINDOW). On a subsequent memory test, the critical word is often falsely recalled and recognized, even though the critical word was not studied. The present normative study provided false recognition indexes for 48 DRM lists in Spanish with three critical words per list. Lists were constructed with low levels of backward associative strength (BAS), never examined before. Results showed that, even with low association, DRM lists were able to produce false recognition (M = 34%). Also, and despite the low level of association, results showed that there was a wide variability in false recognition per list (e.g., 10% in List 24: ANIMAL [ANIMAL], GATO [CAT], PERRO [DOG], celo [heat], cola [tail], manso [docile], peludo [furry], zarpa [claw], presa [prey]; 62% in List 05: DOLOR [PAIN], MUERTE [DEATH], TRISTEZA [SADNESS], odio [hatred], hambre [hunger], inanición [starvation], morir [to die], huérfano [orphan], consolado [consoled]), replicating previous findings. These new DRM lists will allow researchers to explore false memory effects when words are weakly associated among them.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)133-147
Número de páginas15
PublicaciónPsicologica
Volumen38
EstadoPublished - 2017
Publicado de forma externa

Huella dactilar

Animals
Hoof and Claw
Hunger
Starvation
Claw
Glass
Tail
Memory Effect
Pain
Cats
Prey
Hot Temperature
Research Personnel
Dogs
Die
Heat
Paradigm
Recognition (Psychology)
False
False Recognition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Citar esto

Cadavid, Sara ; Beato, María Soledad. / False recognition in DRM lists with low association: A normative study. En: Psicologica. 2017 ; Vol. 38. pp. 133-147.
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abstract = "A wide array of studies have explored memory distortions with the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, where participants study lists of words (e.g., door, glass, pane, shade, ledge, etc.) that are associated to another nonpresented critical word (e.g., WINDOW). On a subsequent memory test, the critical word is often falsely recalled and recognized, even though the critical word was not studied. The present normative study provided false recognition indexes for 48 DRM lists in Spanish with three critical words per list. Lists were constructed with low levels of backward associative strength (BAS), never examined before. Results showed that, even with low association, DRM lists were able to produce false recognition (M = 34{\%}). Also, and despite the low level of association, results showed that there was a wide variability in false recognition per list (e.g., 10{\%} in List 24: ANIMAL [ANIMAL], GATO [CAT], PERRO [DOG], celo [heat], cola [tail], manso [docile], peludo [furry], zarpa [claw], presa [prey]; 62{\%} in List 05: DOLOR [PAIN], MUERTE [DEATH], TRISTEZA [SADNESS], odio [hatred], hambre [hunger], inanici{\'o}n [starvation], morir [to die], hu{\'e}rfano [orphan], consolado [consoled]), replicating previous findings. These new DRM lists will allow researchers to explore false memory effects when words are weakly associated among them.",
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False recognition in DRM lists with low association: A normative study. / Cadavid, Sara; Beato, María Soledad.

En: Psicologica, Vol. 38, 2017, p. 133-147.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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