Job demand control and hypertension a cross-sectional study in colombian typist

Título traducido de la contribución: El control de la demanda de trabajo y la hipertensión: un estudio transversal en una mecanógrafa colombiana

Leonardo Briceno, K. Radon, Tatiana Hermida

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a Revista

Resumen

Introducción La hipertensión se ha convertido en un problema de salud pública.
desafío mundial. Se ha asociado con problemas psicosociales.
de trabajo y con varias enfermedades crónicas. Uno de
los puestos de trabajo en los que las malas condiciones de trabajo psicosociales
es una mecanógrafa. Nuestro objetivo era determinar la prevalencia
de hipertensión En la población de tipógrafos colombianos, los asociados
con factores psicosociales en el trabajo e identificando
características sociodemográficas y empleo asociados
condiciones.
Métodos Estudio con cuestionario transversal basado en entrevistas
y mediciones (presión arterial, alta, peso) en 196 tipógrafos
y 134 trabajadores administrativos de la misma empresa en
Colombia (respuesta 100%). Los modelos de regresión logística se ajustan
al tipo de trabajo, control de la demanda de trabajo, relación esfuerzo-recompensa,
apoyo social, edad, género y sobrepeso.
Resultados La prevalencia de la hipertensión en los trabajadores fue
17.82%. La edad de los trabajadores era de 20 a 39 años.
(76.3%). De los participantes con presión arterial alta,
31.2% tenía sobrepeso, 21% reportó alta tensión y 20% de sobrepeso.
trabajo activo indicado (p 0.36). Las asociaciones más importantes
en la regresión logística, tuvo sobrepeso (OR 4,6; IC del 95%:
2.1 a 9.9), edad entre 30 y 40 años (OR 2.75; IC del 95%:
1,1 a 6,5), apoyo social alto (OR 2,45; IC del 95%: 1,1 a 6,5).
5,1) y trabajo activo (OR 3,36; IC del 95%: 1,1 a 10,2).
Conclusiones Los resultados de este estudio indican un incremento del
prevalencia de la hipertensión en los jóvenes colombianos,
relacionados con la transición epidemiológica. Es una evidencia de
la necesidad de cambiar la orientación de los programas nacionales de salud
a las enfermedades crónicas, como la hipertensión y la diabetes.
sobrepeso.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)607
Número de páginas607
PublicaciónOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Volumen75
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - abr 24 2018

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@article{72454df307a448f1b6e64d5122d7925f,
title = "Job demand control and hypertension a cross-sectional study in colombian typist",
abstract = "Introduction Hypertension has become a public health aworldwide challenge. It has been associated with psychosocialworking conditions and with several chronic diseases. One ofthe job positions where poor psychosocial working conditionmight be present is a typist. We aimed to determine the prevalenceof hypertension In Colombian typist population, associatedwith psychosocial factors at the work and identifyingassociated socio-demographic characteristics and employmentconditions.Methods Cross sectional interview-based questionnaire studyand measurements (blood pressure, high, weigh) in 196 typistand 134 administrative workers from the same company inColombia (response 100{\%}). Logistic regression models adjustto type of work, job demand control, Effort-Reward-Ratio,social support, age, gender and overweight.Results The prevalence of hypertension in workers was17.82{\%}. The age of workers was from 20 to 39 years(76.3{\%}). From the participants with high blood pressure,31.2{\%} had overweight, 21{\%} reported high tension and 20{\%}indicated active job (p 0.36). The most important associationsin the logistic regression, was overweight (OR 4.6; 95{\%} CI:2.1 to 9.9), age between 30 and 40 years (OR 2.75; 95{\%} CI:1.1 to 6.5), high social support (OR 2.45; 95{\%} CI: 1.1 to5.1) and active job (OR 3.36; 95{\%} CI: 1.1 to 10.2).Conclusions This study results indicate an increment of theprevalence of hypertension in Colombian young people,related to the epidemiological transition. It is an evidence ofthe need to shift the orientation of the country health programsto chronic diseases, such as the hypertension andoverweight.",
author = "Leonardo Briceno and K. Radon and Tatiana Hermida",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "24",
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.1713",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "75",
pages = "607",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
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Job demand control and hypertension a cross-sectional study in colombian typist. / Briceno, Leonardo; Radon, K.; Hermida, Tatiana.

En: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 75, N.º 2, 24.04.2018, p. 607.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a Revista

TY - JOUR

T1 - Job demand control and hypertension a cross-sectional study in colombian typist

AU - Briceno, Leonardo

AU - Radon, K.

AU - Hermida, Tatiana

PY - 2018/4/24

Y1 - 2018/4/24

N2 - Introduction Hypertension has become a public health aworldwide challenge. It has been associated with psychosocialworking conditions and with several chronic diseases. One ofthe job positions where poor psychosocial working conditionmight be present is a typist. We aimed to determine the prevalenceof hypertension In Colombian typist population, associatedwith psychosocial factors at the work and identifyingassociated socio-demographic characteristics and employmentconditions.Methods Cross sectional interview-based questionnaire studyand measurements (blood pressure, high, weigh) in 196 typistand 134 administrative workers from the same company inColombia (response 100%). Logistic regression models adjustto type of work, job demand control, Effort-Reward-Ratio,social support, age, gender and overweight.Results The prevalence of hypertension in workers was17.82%. The age of workers was from 20 to 39 years(76.3%). From the participants with high blood pressure,31.2% had overweight, 21% reported high tension and 20%indicated active job (p 0.36). The most important associationsin the logistic regression, was overweight (OR 4.6; 95% CI:2.1 to 9.9), age between 30 and 40 years (OR 2.75; 95% CI:1.1 to 6.5), high social support (OR 2.45; 95% CI: 1.1 to5.1) and active job (OR 3.36; 95% CI: 1.1 to 10.2).Conclusions This study results indicate an increment of theprevalence of hypertension in Colombian young people,related to the epidemiological transition. It is an evidence ofthe need to shift the orientation of the country health programsto chronic diseases, such as the hypertension andoverweight.

AB - Introduction Hypertension has become a public health aworldwide challenge. It has been associated with psychosocialworking conditions and with several chronic diseases. One ofthe job positions where poor psychosocial working conditionmight be present is a typist. We aimed to determine the prevalenceof hypertension In Colombian typist population, associatedwith psychosocial factors at the work and identifyingassociated socio-demographic characteristics and employmentconditions.Methods Cross sectional interview-based questionnaire studyand measurements (blood pressure, high, weigh) in 196 typistand 134 administrative workers from the same company inColombia (response 100%). Logistic regression models adjustto type of work, job demand control, Effort-Reward-Ratio,social support, age, gender and overweight.Results The prevalence of hypertension in workers was17.82%. The age of workers was from 20 to 39 years(76.3%). From the participants with high blood pressure,31.2% had overweight, 21% reported high tension and 20%indicated active job (p 0.36). The most important associationsin the logistic regression, was overweight (OR 4.6; 95% CI:2.1 to 9.9), age between 30 and 40 years (OR 2.75; 95% CI:1.1 to 6.5), high social support (OR 2.45; 95% CI: 1.1 to5.1) and active job (OR 3.36; 95% CI: 1.1 to 10.2).Conclusions This study results indicate an increment of theprevalence of hypertension in Colombian young people,related to the epidemiological transition. It is an evidence ofthe need to shift the orientation of the country health programsto chronic diseases, such as the hypertension andoverweight.

U2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.1713

DO - http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.1713

M3 - Conference article

VL - 75

SP - 607

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

IS - 2

ER -