Exercise, health outcomes, and pædiatric obesity: A systematic review of meta-analyses

Título traducido de la contribución: Ejercicio, resultados de salud y obesidad peyorativa: Una revisión sistemática de los meta-análisis

Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jose M. Saavedra

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

OBJETIVOS:
Este estudio es una revisión sistemática de los metanálisis que han abordado los efectos de las intervenciones basadas en el ejercicio solamente y los resultados de salud (parámetros antropométricos, composición corporal, cardiometabólicos, hepáticos, vasculares y cardiorrespiratorios) en niños y adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesos.

DISEÑO:
Revisión sistemática del metanálisis.

MÉTODOS:
Se realizaron búsquedas en seis fuentes electrónicas. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: niños y/o adolescentes clasificados como con sobrepeso u obesos, y revisiones sistemáticas y metanálisis previos que incluían intervenciones de ejercicios en comparación con un grupo control. Se calcularon las diferencias de medias estandarizadas, el riesgo de sesgo, la heterogeneidad y los efectos de los estudios pequeños. Se realizaron análisis de subgrupos (características de la intervención).

RESULTADOS:
Dieciocho metanálisis cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Los resultados mostraron mejoras en algunos parámetros antropométricos y de composición corporal (masa corporal, IMC, IMC z-score, obesidad central, masa grasa) y cardiometabólicos (TG, glucosa en ayunas, insulina en ayunas), así como en el estado físico cardiorrespiratorio. Para los parámetros cardiometabólicos y vasculares, los programas e intervenciones aeróbicas demostraron ser eficaces si eran de cuatro a 12 semanas, o incluían un tiempo total de ejercicio de al menos 1500 minutos, o sesiones de al menos 60 minutos.

CONCLUSIONES:
El estudio proporciona indicaciones sobre la dosis adecuada de ejercicio para reducir los problemas de salud en la población joven obesa.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)76-84
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volumen22
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - ene 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Citar esto

García-Hermoso, Antonio ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson ; Saavedra, Jose M. / Exercise, health outcomes, and pædiatric obesity : A systematic review of meta-analyses. En: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2019 ; Vol. 22, N.º 1. pp. 76-84.
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Exercise, health outcomes, and pædiatric obesity : A systematic review of meta-analyses. / García-Hermoso, Antonio; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; Saavedra, Jose M.

En: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 22, N.º 1, 01.01.2019, p. 76-84.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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