[Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health].

Marcela Varona, Gloria Lucía Henao, Sonia Díaz, Angélica Lancheros, Alix Murcia, Nelcy Rodríguez, Víctor Hugo Alvarez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a libro /Tipo informe o reporteCapítulo

Resumen

INTRODUCTION The herbicide glyphosate is administered aerially by the Program to Eradicate Illicit Crops Program and is undertaken in rigorous compliance with the Environmental Management Plan. OBJECTIVE The effects of the glyphosate herbicide and other aerially applied insecticides were measured to determine possible impact on human health. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 2006-2006, a survey was taken of 112 individuals living in herbicide-treated areas of the Colombian provinces of Huila, Tolima, Putumayo, Guaviare, Santander, Antioquia, Magdalena and La Guajira. Samples of blood were examined for presence of acetylcholinesterase and organochlorine insecticides; urine was analyzed for glyphosate and its metabolites. RESULTS Fifty percent (50%) of the individuals sampled acknowledged the use of control chemicals as part of their work. The mean exposure time to the chemicals was 84.4 months, with a mean daily exposure of 5.6 hours. The most commonly used pesticides were of category I--extremely hazardous. In individuals sampled for glyphosate (39.6% of the total), 64.3% indicated the use of this herbicide at ground level in agricultural work. A statistically significative relationship was found between the use of glyphosate at ground level, and the concentration levels of glyphosate in the urine samples (odds ratio=2.54, 95% CI: 1.08 to 6.8). CONCLUSION These data did not show a relationship between the aerial sprayings of glyphosate for illicit crops eradication and an impact on human health, nor with occupational exposure to this and other chemicals (insecticides) with a high levels of toxicity.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Título de la publicación alojadaBiomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Páginas456-75
Número de páginas20
EstadoPublished - sep 2009

Serie de la publicación

NombreBiomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Volumen29

Huella dactilar

glyphosate
Herbicides
Insecticides
Health
Urine
Occupational Exposure
Acetylcholinesterase
Pesticides

Citar esto

Varona, M., Henao, G. L., Díaz, S., Lancheros, A., Murcia, A., Rodríguez, N., & Alvarez, V. H. (2009). [Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health]. En Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud (pp. 456-75). (Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud; Vol. 29).
Varona, Marcela ; Henao, Gloria Lucía ; Díaz, Sonia ; Lancheros, Angélica ; Murcia, Alix ; Rodríguez, Nelcy ; Alvarez, Víctor Hugo. / [Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health]. Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud. 2009. pp. 456-75 (Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud).
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION The herbicide glyphosate is administered aerially by the Program to Eradicate Illicit Crops Program and is undertaken in rigorous compliance with the Environmental Management Plan. OBJECTIVE The effects of the glyphosate herbicide and other aerially applied insecticides were measured to determine possible impact on human health. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 2006-2006, a survey was taken of 112 individuals living in herbicide-treated areas of the Colombian provinces of Huila, Tolima, Putumayo, Guaviare, Santander, Antioquia, Magdalena and La Guajira. Samples of blood were examined for presence of acetylcholinesterase and organochlorine insecticides; urine was analyzed for glyphosate and its metabolites. RESULTS Fifty percent (50{\%}) of the individuals sampled acknowledged the use of control chemicals as part of their work. The mean exposure time to the chemicals was 84.4 months, with a mean daily exposure of 5.6 hours. The most commonly used pesticides were of category I--extremely hazardous. In individuals sampled for glyphosate (39.6{\%} of the total), 64.3{\%} indicated the use of this herbicide at ground level in agricultural work. A statistically significative relationship was found between the use of glyphosate at ground level, and the concentration levels of glyphosate in the urine samples (odds ratio=2.54, 95{\%} CI: 1.08 to 6.8). CONCLUSION These data did not show a relationship between the aerial sprayings of glyphosate for illicit crops eradication and an impact on human health, nor with occupational exposure to this and other chemicals (insecticides) with a high levels of toxicity.",
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Varona, M, Henao, GL, Díaz, S, Lancheros, A, Murcia, A, Rodríguez, N & Alvarez, VH 2009, [Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health]. En Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud. Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud, vol. 29, pp. 456-75.

[Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health]. / Varona, Marcela; Henao, Gloria Lucía; Díaz, Sonia; Lancheros, Angélica; Murcia, Alix; Rodríguez, Nelcy; Alvarez, Víctor Hugo.

Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud. 2009. p. 456-75 (Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud; Vol. 29).

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a libro /Tipo informe o reporteCapítulo

TY - CHAP

T1 - [Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health].

AU - Varona, Marcela

AU - Henao, Gloria Lucía

AU - Díaz, Sonia

AU - Lancheros, Angélica

AU - Murcia, Alix

AU - Rodríguez, Nelcy

AU - Alvarez, Víctor Hugo

PY - 2009/9

Y1 - 2009/9

N2 - INTRODUCTION The herbicide glyphosate is administered aerially by the Program to Eradicate Illicit Crops Program and is undertaken in rigorous compliance with the Environmental Management Plan. OBJECTIVE The effects of the glyphosate herbicide and other aerially applied insecticides were measured to determine possible impact on human health. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 2006-2006, a survey was taken of 112 individuals living in herbicide-treated areas of the Colombian provinces of Huila, Tolima, Putumayo, Guaviare, Santander, Antioquia, Magdalena and La Guajira. Samples of blood were examined for presence of acetylcholinesterase and organochlorine insecticides; urine was analyzed for glyphosate and its metabolites. RESULTS Fifty percent (50%) of the individuals sampled acknowledged the use of control chemicals as part of their work. The mean exposure time to the chemicals was 84.4 months, with a mean daily exposure of 5.6 hours. The most commonly used pesticides were of category I--extremely hazardous. In individuals sampled for glyphosate (39.6% of the total), 64.3% indicated the use of this herbicide at ground level in agricultural work. A statistically significative relationship was found between the use of glyphosate at ground level, and the concentration levels of glyphosate in the urine samples (odds ratio=2.54, 95% CI: 1.08 to 6.8). CONCLUSION These data did not show a relationship between the aerial sprayings of glyphosate for illicit crops eradication and an impact on human health, nor with occupational exposure to this and other chemicals (insecticides) with a high levels of toxicity.

AB - INTRODUCTION The herbicide glyphosate is administered aerially by the Program to Eradicate Illicit Crops Program and is undertaken in rigorous compliance with the Environmental Management Plan. OBJECTIVE The effects of the glyphosate herbicide and other aerially applied insecticides were measured to determine possible impact on human health. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 2006-2006, a survey was taken of 112 individuals living in herbicide-treated areas of the Colombian provinces of Huila, Tolima, Putumayo, Guaviare, Santander, Antioquia, Magdalena and La Guajira. Samples of blood were examined for presence of acetylcholinesterase and organochlorine insecticides; urine was analyzed for glyphosate and its metabolites. RESULTS Fifty percent (50%) of the individuals sampled acknowledged the use of control chemicals as part of their work. The mean exposure time to the chemicals was 84.4 months, with a mean daily exposure of 5.6 hours. The most commonly used pesticides were of category I--extremely hazardous. In individuals sampled for glyphosate (39.6% of the total), 64.3% indicated the use of this herbicide at ground level in agricultural work. A statistically significative relationship was found between the use of glyphosate at ground level, and the concentration levels of glyphosate in the urine samples (odds ratio=2.54, 95% CI: 1.08 to 6.8). CONCLUSION These data did not show a relationship between the aerial sprayings of glyphosate for illicit crops eradication and an impact on human health, nor with occupational exposure to this and other chemicals (insecticides) with a high levels of toxicity.

M3 - Chapter

SN - 0120-4157 (Print)\r0120-4157 (Linking)

T3 - Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud

SP - 456

EP - 475

BT - Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud

ER -

Varona M, Henao GL, Díaz S, Lancheros A, Murcia A, Rodríguez N y otros. [Effects of aerial applications of the herbicide glyphosate and insecticides on human health]. En Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud. 2009. p. 456-75. (Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud).