Sanitation dynamics: toilet acquisition and its economic and social implications

Título traducido de la contribución: Dinámica del saneamiento: la adquisición de inodoros y sus implicaciones económicas y sociales

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

Resumen

El saneamiento deficiente es un importante problema de política al que se enfrenta la India, que representa más de la mitad de los 1.100 millones de personas en todo el mundo que defecan al aire libre[JMP, 2012]. Por lo tanto, para alcanzar las metas mundiales de saneamiento y reducir los costos sociales y económicos de la defecación al aire libre es necesario ampliar de manera efectiva los servicios de saneamiento a los ciudadanos de la India. El Gobierno de la India ha demostrado un firme compromiso con la mejora del saneamiento. Sin embargo, la aceptación y el uso del saneamiento seguro siguen siendo bajos: casi el 50% de los hogares indios no tienen acceso a letrinas privadas o públicas (censo indio de 2011). Esto pone de relieve la necesidad de enfoques novedosos para fomentar la adopción y el uso sostenido del saneamiento seguro en este contexto. Este estudio contribuye a abordar esta necesidad de dos maneras: En primer lugar, utilizamos datos primarios recopilados tanto en contextos rurales como urbanos en dos estados de la India, para comprender los determinantes de la propiedad y adquisición de inodoros. Se presenta un modelo teórico que acompaña nuestros hallazgos empíricos. En segundo lugar, aunque el nuestro no es un ensayo de control aleatorizado, podemos ofrecer un panorama rico sobre los principales determinantes y los resultados potenciales de la adopción del saneamiento. A diferencia de muchos estudios sobre saneamiento, nuestro enfoque no se centra principalmente en los resultados de salud, sino que enfatizamos las consideraciones sobre el estatus económico y social. Además, la adquisición de inodoros se analiza en el contexto de una intervención que alivió una de las principales limitaciones a la adquisición -los recursos financieros- lo que nos permite destacar la importancia de atender esta limitación. Estas tres contribuciones tienen importantes implicaciones para el diseño de estrategias para promover el saneamiento, un enfoque importante para muchos gobiernos de países en desarrollo y organizaciones internacionales en la actualidad.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Lugar de publicaciónLondon
EstadoPublished - 2015

Series de publicaciones

NombreIFS Working Papers

Huella dactilar

India
determinants
economics
International Organizations
social status
census
developing country
commitment
citizen
present
costs
health
resources

Citar esto

Rodriguez Lesmes, P. A., & Augsburg, B. (2015). Sanitation dynamics: toilet acquisition and its economic and social implications. (W15/15 ed.) (IFS Working Papers). London.
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title = "Sanitation dynamics: toilet acquisition and its economic and social implications",
abstract = "Poor sanitation is an important policy issue facing India, which accounts for over half of the 1.1 billion people worldwide that defecate in the open [JMP, 2012]. Achieving global sanitation targets, and reducing the social and economic costs of open defecation, therefore requires effectively extending sanitation services to India's citizens. The Indian Government has shown strong commitment to improving sanitation. However, uptake and usage of safe sanitation remains low: almost 50{\%} of Indian households do not have access to a private or public latrine (2011 Indian census). This highlights the need for novel approaches to foster the uptake and sustained usage of safe sanitation in this context. This study contributes to addressing this need in two ways: First, we use primary data collected in both rural and urban contexts in two states of India, to understand determinants of toilet ownership and acquisition. A theoretical model is presented accompanying our empirical findings. Second, while ours is not a randomized control trial, we are able to offer a rich picture on the main determinants and potential outcomes of sanitation uptake. Contrary to many studies on sanitation, our focus is not primarily on health outcomes but we emphasize economic and social status considerations. Further, toilet acquisition is analyzed in the context of an intervention that alleviated one of the major constraints to acquisition - financial resources - which allows us to highlight the importance of attending this constraint. These three contributions have important implications for the design of strategies to promote sanitation, a major focus of many governments of developing countries and international organizations at present.",
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Sanitation dynamics: toilet acquisition and its economic and social implications. / Rodriguez Lesmes, Paul Andres; Augsburg, Britta.

W15/15. ed. London, 2015. (IFS Working Papers).

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

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AB - Poor sanitation is an important policy issue facing India, which accounts for over half of the 1.1 billion people worldwide that defecate in the open [JMP, 2012]. Achieving global sanitation targets, and reducing the social and economic costs of open defecation, therefore requires effectively extending sanitation services to India's citizens. The Indian Government has shown strong commitment to improving sanitation. However, uptake and usage of safe sanitation remains low: almost 50% of Indian households do not have access to a private or public latrine (2011 Indian census). This highlights the need for novel approaches to foster the uptake and sustained usage of safe sanitation in this context. This study contributes to addressing this need in two ways: First, we use primary data collected in both rural and urban contexts in two states of India, to understand determinants of toilet ownership and acquisition. A theoretical model is presented accompanying our empirical findings. Second, while ours is not a randomized control trial, we are able to offer a rich picture on the main determinants and potential outcomes of sanitation uptake. Contrary to many studies on sanitation, our focus is not primarily on health outcomes but we emphasize economic and social status considerations. Further, toilet acquisition is analyzed in the context of an intervention that alleviated one of the major constraints to acquisition - financial resources - which allows us to highlight the importance of attending this constraint. These three contributions have important implications for the design of strategies to promote sanitation, a major focus of many governments of developing countries and international organizations at present.

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