Behavioral differences in violence: The case of intra-group differences of Paramilitaries and Guerrillas in Colombia

Título traducido de la contribución: Diferencias de comportamiento en la violencia: El caso de las diferencias intragrupo de Paramilitares y Guerrilleros en Colombia

Darwin Cortes, Raul Caruso, Thomas Bassetti

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

Resumen


En la mayoría de los estudios sobre guerras civiles, los determinantes del conflicto han sido hasta ahora
se exploró asumiendo que los actores involucrados eran unitarios o estables. Sin embargo, si esta suposición de homogeneidad intra-grupo no se mantiene, las estimaciones econométricas empíricas pueden estar sesgadas. Utilizamos Efectos Fijos Finitos Modelo de Mezcla (FE-FMM) para abordar este problema que proporciona un representación de la heterogeneidad cuando los datos proceden de diferentes huellas latentes y la afiliación es desconocida. Permite identificar subpoblaciones dentro de una población, así como los determinantes de sus comportamientos. Por combinando varias fuentes de datos para el período 2000 2005, aplicamos esto al conflicto colombiano. Nuestros resultados destacan un comportamiento la heterogeneidad de los grupos armados de la guerrilla y sus características se correlaciona. Por el contrario, los paramilitares se comportan como un grupo bastante homogéneo.


Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de páginas32
EstadoPublished - 2015

Huella dactilar

Colombia
violence
determinants
guerrilla
Group
civil war
econometrics
methodology
economics

Citar esto

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Behavioral differences in violence: The case of intra-group differences of Paramilitaries and Guerrillas in Colombia. / Cortes, Darwin; Caruso, Raul; Bassetti, Thomas .

2015.

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

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AU - Caruso, Raul

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N2 - In most studies on civil wars, determinants of conflict have been hitherto explored assuming that actors involved were either unitary or stable. However, if this intra-group homogeneity assumption does not hold, empirical econometric estimates may be biased. We use Fixed Effects Finite Mixture Model (FE-FMM) approach to address this issue that provides a representation of heterogeneity when data originate from different latent classes and the affiliation is unknown. It allows to identify sub-populations within a population as well as the determinants of their behaviors. By combining various data sources for the period 2000-2005, we apply this methodology to the Colombian conflict. Our results highlight a behavioral heterogeneity in guerrilla’s armed groups and their distinct economic correlates. By contrast paramilitaries behave as a rather homogenous group.

AB - In most studies on civil wars, determinants of conflict have been hitherto explored assuming that actors involved were either unitary or stable. However, if this intra-group homogeneity assumption does not hold, empirical econometric estimates may be biased. We use Fixed Effects Finite Mixture Model (FE-FMM) approach to address this issue that provides a representation of heterogeneity when data originate from different latent classes and the affiliation is unknown. It allows to identify sub-populations within a population as well as the determinants of their behaviors. By combining various data sources for the period 2000-2005, we apply this methodology to the Colombian conflict. Our results highlight a behavioral heterogeneity in guerrilla’s armed groups and their distinct economic correlates. By contrast paramilitaries behave as a rather homogenous group.

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