Dietary inflammatory index and cardiometabolic risk parameters in overweight and sedentary subjects

Claudia Marcela Camargo-Ramos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, María Correa-Rodríguez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

La nutrición se ha establecido como un factor relevante en el desarrollo de la enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV). Se intentó investigar la relación entre el índice dietético inflamatorio (IAD) y los parámetros de riesgo cardiometabólico en una cohorte de 90 adultos con sobrepeso y sedentarios de Bogotá, Colombia. Se utilizó un registro dietético de 24 horas para calcular el DII. Se midieron variables de composición corporal, dilatación mediada por el flujo (FMD), velocidad de onda de pulso (PWV), perfil lipídico, glucosa, hemoglobina glucosilada (Hb1Ac) y presión arterial y se calculó una puntuación de riesgo cardiometabólico (MetScore). Una puntuación DII más baja (dieta antiinflamatoria) se asoció significativamente con un colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (HDL-C) y fiebre aftosa, y una puntuación Hb1Ac y MetScore más baja (p < 0,05). Una puntuación DII más baja se correlacionó inversamente con los niveles de triglicéridos plasmáticos (r = -0,354; p < 0,05), glucosa (r = -0,422; p < 0,05), MetScore (r = -0,228; p < 0,05) y PWV (r = -0,437; p < 0,05), y de forma positiva con la Fiebre Aftosa del Valle del Níger (r = 0,261; p < 0,05). Por el contrario, una mayor puntuación DII (dieta pro-inflamatoria) mostró una relación positiva con MetScore (r = 0,410, p < 0,05) y una relación negativa con la fiebre aftosa (r = -0,233, p < 0,05). El aumento del potencial inflamatorio de la dieta se asoció inversamente con una mejora del perfil cardiometabólico, lo que sugiere la importancia de promover las dietas antiinflamatorias como una estrategia efectiva para prevenir las ECV.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo1104
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volumen14
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublished - oct 6 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Citar esto

Camargo-Ramos, Claudia Marcela ; Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique ; Correa-Rodríguez, María ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson. / Dietary inflammatory index and cardiometabolic risk parameters in overweight and sedentary subjects. En: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017 ; Vol. 14, N.º 10.
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Dietary inflammatory index and cardiometabolic risk parameters in overweight and sedentary subjects. / Camargo-Ramos, Claudia Marcela; Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique; Correa-Rodríguez, María; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson.

En: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 14, N.º 10, 1104, 06.10.2017.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary inflammatory index and cardiometabolic risk parameters in overweight and sedentary subjects

AU - Camargo-Ramos, Claudia Marcela

AU - Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique

AU - Correa-Rodríguez, María

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

PY - 2017/10/6

Y1 - 2017/10/6

N2 - Nutrition has been established as a relevant factor in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and cardiometabolic risk parameters in a cohort of 90 overweight and sedentary adults from Bogotá, Colombia. A 24-h dietary record was used to calculate the DII. Body composition variables, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse wave velocity (PWV), lipid profile, glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac), and blood pressure were measured and a cardiometabolic risk score (MetScore) was calculated. A lower DII score (anti-inflammatory diet) was significantly associated with higher high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and FMD, and lower Hb1Ac and MetScore (p < 0.05). A lower DII score was inversely correlated with plasma triglyceride levels (r = -0.354, p < 0.05), glucose (r = -0.422, p < 0.05), MetScore (r = -0.228, p < 0.05), and PWV (r = -0.437, p < 0.05), and positively with FMD (r = 0.261, p < 0.05). In contrast, a higher DII score (pro-inflammatory diet) showed a positive relationship with MetScore (r = 0.410, p < 0.05) and a negative relationship with FMD (r = -0.233, p < 0.05). An increased inflammatory potential of diet was inversely associated with an improved cardiometabolic profile, suggesting the importance of promoting anti-inflammatory diets as an effective strategy for preventing CVD.

AB - Nutrition has been established as a relevant factor in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and cardiometabolic risk parameters in a cohort of 90 overweight and sedentary adults from Bogotá, Colombia. A 24-h dietary record was used to calculate the DII. Body composition variables, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse wave velocity (PWV), lipid profile, glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac), and blood pressure were measured and a cardiometabolic risk score (MetScore) was calculated. A lower DII score (anti-inflammatory diet) was significantly associated with higher high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and FMD, and lower Hb1Ac and MetScore (p < 0.05). A lower DII score was inversely correlated with plasma triglyceride levels (r = -0.354, p < 0.05), glucose (r = -0.422, p < 0.05), MetScore (r = -0.228, p < 0.05), and PWV (r = -0.437, p < 0.05), and positively with FMD (r = 0.261, p < 0.05). In contrast, a higher DII score (pro-inflammatory diet) showed a positive relationship with MetScore (r = 0.410, p < 0.05) and a negative relationship with FMD (r = -0.233, p < 0.05). An increased inflammatory potential of diet was inversely associated with an improved cardiometabolic profile, suggesting the importance of promoting anti-inflammatory diets as an effective strategy for preventing CVD.

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