Early diagnosis of chronic conditions and lifestyle modification

Título traducido de la contribución: Diagnóstico precoz de afecciones crónicas y modificación del estilo de vida

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

Resumen

Este estudio estima el impacto potencial de los programas de diagnóstico precoz sobre la medicación, la salud subjetiva y el estilo de vida. Para tratar el sesgo de selección potencial debido al cribado, utilizo una característica del Estudio Longitudinal Inglés del Envejecimiento que motiva un diseño de discontinuidad de regresión basado en la presión arterial de los encuestados. Si sus medidas están por encima de un umbral, se aconseja a las personas que visiten a su médico de familia para verificar si tienen presión arterial alta. Hay pruebas de un aumento temporal en el uso de medicación para tratar la afección (6,6 puntos porcentuales), que casi duplicó la proporción de personas que tomaron medicación para tales niveles de presión arterial. Al mismo tiempo, hay una reducción permanente de la probabilidad de consumir alcohol dos veces por semana (10 puntos porcentuales) y un aumento en el consumo de frutas. Sin embargo, también hay pruebas de una mayor frecuencia de tabaquismo (ocho cigarrillos por semana) en los que están por encima del umbral. Tales respuestas del estilo de vida no están relacionadas con la medicación adicional. Sin embargo, no se encontraron efectos claros sobre la salud objetiva o subjetiva después de cuatro años de intervención.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Lugar de publicaciónBogotá
EstadoPublished - jun 15 2017

Series de publicaciones

NombreSERIE DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO

Huella dactilar

Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Life Style
Early Diagnosis
Blood Pressure
Selection Bias
Tobacco Products
Longitudinal Studies
Fruit
Smoking
Alcohols
Hypertension
Surveys and Questionnaires

Citar esto

Rodriguez-Lesmes, P. A. (2017). Early diagnosis of chronic conditions and lifestyle modification. (201 ed.) (SERIE DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO). Bogotá.
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Early diagnosis of chronic conditions and lifestyle modification. / Rodriguez-Lesmes, Paul Andres.

201. ed. Bogotá, 2017. (SERIE DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO).

Resultado de la investigación: Documento de Trabajo

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Rodriguez-Lesmes PA. Early diagnosis of chronic conditions and lifestyle modification. 201 ed. Bogotá. 2017 jun 15. (SERIE DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO).