Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia

Marcela E Varona, Sonia M Díaz, Leonardo Briceño, Clara I Sánchez-Infante, Carlos Humberto Torres Rey, Ruth M Palma, Helena Groot, Alvaro J Idrovo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 %), moderate (67.98 %) and severe (5.51 %) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.

Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)617-629
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónRevista de Salud Publica
Volumen18
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublished - ago 2016

Huella dactilar

Colombia
Pesticides
Poisoning
bromophos
Azinphosmethyl
Endosulfan
Education
DDT
Water
Social Security
Social Conditions
Virus Diseases
Poverty
Health Status
Oryza
Farmers
Cardiovascular Diseases
Delivery of Health Care
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Citar esto

Varona, M. E., Díaz, S. M., Briceño, L., Sánchez-Infante, C. I., Torres Rey, C. H., Palma, R. M., ... Idrovo, A. J. (2016). Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia. Revista de Salud Publica, 18(4), 617-629. https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617
Varona, Marcela E ; Díaz, Sonia M ; Briceño, Leonardo ; Sánchez-Infante, Clara I ; Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto ; Palma, Ruth M ; Groot, Helena ; Idrovo, Alvaro J. / Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia. En: Revista de Salud Publica. 2016 ; Vol. 18, N.º 4. pp. 617-629.
@article{e38aa68689a24ea298a8a5554c10f28f,
title = "Determinantes sociales de la intoxicaci{\'o}n por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia",
abstract = "Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 {\%}), moderate (67.98 {\%}) and severe (5.51 {\%}) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.",
author = "Varona, {Marcela E} and D{\'i}az, {Sonia M} and Leonardo Brice{\~n}o and S{\'a}nchez-Infante, {Clara I} and {Torres Rey}, {Carlos Humberto} and Palma, {Ruth M} and Helena Groot and Idrovo, {Alvaro J}",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
doi = "10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617",
language = "Espa{\~n}ol",
volume = "18",
pages = "617--629",
number = "4",

}

Varona, ME, Díaz, SM, Briceño, L, Sánchez-Infante, CI, Torres Rey, CH, Palma, RM, Groot, H & Idrovo, AJ 2016, 'Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia', Revista de Salud Publica, vol. 18, n.º 4, pp. 617-629. https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617

Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia. / Varona, Marcela E; Díaz, Sonia M; Briceño, Leonardo; Sánchez-Infante, Clara I; Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto; Palma, Ruth M; Groot, Helena; Idrovo, Alvaro J.

En: Revista de Salud Publica, Vol. 18, N.º 4, 08.2016, p. 617-629.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia

AU - Varona, Marcela E

AU - Díaz, Sonia M

AU - Briceño, Leonardo

AU - Sánchez-Infante, Clara I

AU - Torres Rey, Carlos Humberto

AU - Palma, Ruth M

AU - Groot, Helena

AU - Idrovo, Alvaro J

PY - 2016/8

Y1 - 2016/8

N2 - Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 %), moderate (67.98 %) and severe (5.51 %) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.

AB - Objective Large quantities of pesticides are used in rice crops. The aim of this study is to characterize how farmers are exposed to pesticides and subsequent poisoning. Materials and Methods A multilevel (individual and community) multi-method study, which included ethnographic and survey methods, as well as measurement of pesticides in water and human samples, was performed. Results The production process is described and the main risk factors are presented. Pesticides are considered the greatest danger at work and at their homes. Workers have poor working conditions and are not protected by the system of occupational risks. Azinphos-methyl, endosulfan, β-BHC, bromophos-methyl, bromophos-ethyl and 2,4- DDT were found in water samples. The survey included 381 workers with mild (12.86 %), moderate (67.98 %) and severe (5.51 %) poisonings respectively. Severe cases presented lower levels of education, lower levels of health care access to the contributory regimen of the Colombian social security system and higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, herpes or other viral infections. Conclusion There are precarious working conditions that favor exposure to pesticides correlated to the exclusion of farmers from the occupational risk system, to poverty and to poor education. It is urgent to include these workers to the system of occupational risk system and to improve their living conditions, thus reducing unsafe practices when handling pesticides.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84990022677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84990022677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617

DO - 10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617

M3 - Artículo

C2 - 28453066

AN - SCOPUS:84990022677

VL - 18

SP - 617

EP - 629

IS - 4

ER -

Varona ME, Díaz SM, Briceño L, Sánchez-Infante CI, Torres Rey CH, Palma RM y otros. Determinantes sociales de la intoxicación por plaguicidas entre cultivadores de arroz en Colombia. Revista de Salud Publica. 2016 ago;18(4):617-629. https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v18n4.52617