Institutional Crisis and New Ways to Interact on Social Media: A Comparative Study of Political Participation by México and Ecuador’s Youth

Título traducido de la contribución: Crisis institucional y nuevas formas de interactuar en los medios sociales: Un estudio comparativo de la participación política de los jóvenes de México y Ecuador

Daniel Javier de la Garza Montemayor, Daniel Barredo Ibanez, Abraham Hernández Paz

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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Resumen

La crisis de los medios de comunicación en América Latina, visible por la dramática caída del financiamiento publicitario y el progresivo movimiento del público hacia los nuevos medios, está vinculada a la crisis de las instituciones públicas. Esta crisis de los medios de comunicación denota la aparición de prácticas sociales centradas en la activación de los usuarios, lo que provoca una disminución de la mediación vertical y un detrimento de las nuevas rutinas que, según la inteligencia colectiva, tienden a desarrollar entornos simbólicos de colaboración y una mayor empatía general. Estos fenómenos no se extienden más allá de América Latina de manera horizontal o global. México y Ecuador son dos países representativos de las tendencias de América Latina.
México, por un lado, es un contexto de alta concentración mediática y poderosos grupos comunicacionales cuyos vínculos son el resultado del fuerte bipartidismo que ha gobernado este país en las últimas tres décadas. Ecuador, por otro lado, es un contexto en el que el gobierno del ex presidente Rafael Correa (2007-2017) creó un nuevo marco legal que favorece -al menos desde el punto de vista normativo- una mejor democratización de los medios de comunicación a través de la implementación de instituciones encargadas de asegurar la diversidad en los medios de comunicación y fomentar la participación ciudadana en las tareas de co-gobierno. Esta investigación compara los resultados de las encuestas realizadas a más de dos mil estudiantes universitarios de México y Ecuador, en las que se les preguntó a estos dos grupos estratégicos sobre sus puntos de vista acerca de fenómenos como la participación política y el consumo de información en línea y fuera de línea, con el fin de averiguar si existe alguna diferencia entre el concepto de participación política de México y Ecuador entre los jóvenes estudiantes universitarios.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)19-34
Número de páginas15
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Volumen15
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2018

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title = "Institutional Crisis and New Ways to Interact on Social Media: A Comparative Study of Political Participation by M{\'e}xico and Ecuador’s Youth",
abstract = "The Latin American communication media crisis, visible from a dramatic drop in advertising financing and a progressive move by audiences toward new media, is linked to the public institution crisis. This communication media crisis denotes the emergence of social practices focused on user activation, thereby causing a decline in vertical mediation and a detriment to new routines which, according to collective intelligence, tend to develop collaborative symbolic environments and a general greater empathy. These phenomena do not extend beyond Latin America in a horizontal or global way. M{\'e}xico and Ecuador are two countries that are representative of Latin America’s trends. M{\'e}xico, on one hand, is a context with high media concentration and powerful communicational groups whose links result from the heavy bipartisanship that has ruled this country over the last three decades. Ecuador, on the other hand, is a context where former President Rafael Correa’s administration (2007–2017) created a new legal framework that favors—at least from a normative point of view—better democratization of communication media through the implementation of institutions that are tasked with ensuring diversity in media and encouraging citizen involvement in co-government tasks. This research compares the results from surveys administered to more than two thousand college students from M{\'e}xico and Ecuador, in which these two strategic groups were asked about their views on phenomena such as online and offline political participation and information consumption in order to find out if there any differences between M{\'e}xico and Ecuador’s concept of political participation among young college students.",
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Institutional Crisis and New Ways to Interact on Social Media: A Comparative Study of Political Participation by México and Ecuador’s Youth. / de la Garza Montemayor, Daniel Javier; Barredo Ibanez, Daniel; Hernández Paz, Abraham.

En: International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies, Vol. 15, N.º 4, 2018, p. 19-34.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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