Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with invasive aspergillosis from a fourth level hospital in Bogota, Colombia: a retrospective study

Ana Goyeneche-García, Juan Rodríguez-Oyuela, Guillermo Sánchez, Carolina Firacative

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a severe mycosis caused by Aspergillus species. The infection mainly affects immunocompromised patients with a significant clinical burden. This study aimed to determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients diagnosed with IA in a fourth level hospital in Colombia, as these data are scarce in the country. A retrospective, observational study, from a single center was conducted with 34 male and 32 female patients, between 1 month- and 90-year-old, diagnosed with proven (18.2%), probable (74.2%) and possible (7.6%) IA, during a 21-year period. The most frequent underlying conditions for IA were chemotherapy (39.4%) and corticosteroid use (34.8%). The lung was the most common affected organ (92.4%). Computed tomography (CT) imaging findings were mainly nodules (57.6%) and consolidation (31.8%). A low positive correlation was found between serum galactomannan and hospitalization length. Aspergillus fumigatus prevailed (73.3%) in sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage cultures. Most patients were hospitalized in general wards (63.6%) and treated with voriconazole (80.3%). Mortality rate was 15.2%. Common risk factors for IA were identified in the Colombian cohort, including medications and underlying diseases. However, their frequency differs from other countries, reinforcing the idea that local surveillance is essential and at-risk patients should be carefully monitored.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Número de artículo1509700
Páginas (desde-hasta)1
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónJournal of Fungi
Volumen7
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 18 2021

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