Caracterización y factores de riesgo de caídas en un hospital de alta complejidad de bogotá (Colombia)

Luis Fernando Rodríguez Ibagué, Andrés Daniel Gallego-Ardila, Yudy Jazmín Quiroga Ardila, Helga Idaly Molina Eslava

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: Intrahospitalary falls are among the national and international priorities in terms of quality of care. Although several intrinsic and extrinsic elements associated with patient falls have been recognized, information and evidence on these elements are lacking in Colombia. Thus, we aimed to characterize the falls of patients and their associated factors in a high-complexity hospital in Bogotá, Colombia between 2013 and 2016. Materials and methods: A retrospective observational study based on the data obtained from the registry of falls that occurred during the study period in a high-complexity hospital in Bogotá, Colombia was carried out. Descriptive statistical analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were performed. Results: Of the 951 falls that occurred between 2013 and 2016, 63.1% were classified as adverse events. According to the severity of falls, 54.2% falls were “moderate” and “severe.” According to the demographic characteristics, 53.0% patients were men, 65.5% were ≥65 years old (median: 71 years, minimum: 16 years, maximum: 98 years), and 23.2% had circulatory diseases. The following factors were found to be associated with an increased risk for a fall that culminated in an adverse event: being a woman (95% ci = 1.08–1.87), night shift (95% ci; or = 1.09–2.03), and clinical (95% ci = 1.36–4.84) and sur-gical specialties (95% ci = 1.14–4.46). Conclusion: Patient falls are important adverse events that require intervention in hospital institutions. Intrinsic elements (mainly age) and extrinsic elements (work shift and medical specialty) were identified to cause harm to the patient in the event of a fall.

Título traducido de la contribuciónCharacteristics and risk factors of patient falls in a high-complexity hospital in bogotá, colombia
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-15
Número de páginas15
PublicaciónRevista ciencias de la salud
Volumen19
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Sanidad (ciencias sociales)

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