Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research

A Scoping Review

Título traducido de la contribución: Características Metodológicas y Orientaciones Futuras para la Investigación en Salto Pliométrico: Una revisión del alcance

Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Paulo Gentil, Abbas Asadi, Helmi Chaabene, Jason Moran, Cesar Meylan, Antonio García-de-Alcaraz, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Fabio Y. Nakamura, Urs Granacher, William Kraemer, Mikel Izquierdo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo de revisión

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Recientemente, ha habido una proliferación de artículos publicados sobre el efecto del entrenamiento de salto pliométrico, incluyendo varios artículos de revisión y meta-análisis. Sin embargo, estos tipos de artículos de investigación son generalmente de alcance limitado. Además, las limitaciones metodológicas entre los estudios (por ejemplo, la falta de grupos de control activos/pasivos) impiden la generalización de los resultados, y estos factores deben ser abordados por los investigadores. Sobre esa base, los objetivos de esta revisión de alcance fueron (1) caracterizar los elementos principales de los estudios de entrenamiento de salto pliométrico (por ejemplo, protocolos de entrenamiento) y (2) proporcionar direcciones futuras para la investigación. De 648 artículos potencialmente relevantes, 242 fueron elegibles para su inclusión en esta revisión. Los principales problemas identificados se relacionaron con un número insuficiente de estudios realizados en mujeres, jóvenes y deportes individuales (~ 24.0, ~ 37.0 y ~ 12.0% de los estudios generales, respectivamente); la información insuficiente de los valores del tamaño de los efectos y la prescripción de entrenamiento (~ 34.0 y ~ 55.0% de los estudios generales, respectivamente); y los estudios que no incluían un grupo de control activo/pasivo y la asignación al azar (~ 40.0 y ~ 20.0% de los estudios generales, respectivamente). Además, el entrenamiento de salto pliométrico a menudo se combinó con otros métodos de entrenamiento y se agregó a las rutinas diarias de entrenamiento de los participantes (~ 47,0 y ~ 39,0% de los estudios generales, respectivamente), lo que distorsionó las conclusiones sobre sus efectos independientes. Además, la mayoría de los estudios no duraron más de 7 semanas. En el futuro, se aconseja a los investigadores que realicen estudios de entrenamiento pliométrico de alta calidad metodológica (p.ej., ensayos controlados aleatorios). Se necesita más investigación en las mujeres, los jóvenes y los deportes individuales. Finalmente, la identificación de las relaciones dosis-respuesta específicas después del entrenamiento pliométrico es necesaria para adaptar específicamente los programas de intervención, particularmente a largo plazo.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)1059-1081
Número de páginas23
PublicaciónSports Medicine
Volumen48
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublished - may 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Citar esto

Ramirez-Campillo, R., Álvarez, C., García-Hermoso, A., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Gentil, P., Asadi, A., ... Izquierdo, M. (2018). Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research: A Scoping Review. Sports Medicine, 48(5), 1059-1081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0870-z
Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Álvarez, Cristian ; García-Hermoso, Antonio ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson ; Gentil, Paulo ; Asadi, Abbas ; Chaabene, Helmi ; Moran, Jason ; Meylan, Cesar ; García-de-Alcaraz, Antonio ; Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier ; Nakamura, Fabio Y. ; Granacher, Urs ; Kraemer, William ; Izquierdo, Mikel. / Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research : A Scoping Review. En: Sports Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 48, N.º 5. pp. 1059-1081.
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title = "Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research: A Scoping Review",
abstract = "Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e.g., training protocols) and (2) provide future directions for research. From 648 potentially relevant articles, 242 were eligible for inclusion in this review. The main issues identified related to an insufficient number of studies conducted in females, youths, and individual sports (~ 24.0, ~ 37.0, and ~ 12.0{\%} of overall studies, respectively); insufficient reporting of effect size values and training prescription (~ 34.0 and ~ 55.0{\%} of overall studies, respectively); and studies missing an active/passive control group and randomization (~ 40.0 and ~ 20.0{\%} of overall studies, respectively). Furthermore, plyometric jump training was often combined with other training methods and added to participants’ daily training routines (~ 47.0 and ~ 39.0{\%} of overall studies, respectively), thus distorting conclusions on its independent effects. Additionally, most studies lasted no longer than 7 weeks. In future, researchers are advised to conduct plyometric training studies of high methodological quality (e.g., randomized controlled trials). More research is needed in females, youth, and individual sports. Finally, the identification of specific dose-response relationships following plyometric training is needed to specifically tailor intervention programs, particularly in the long term.",
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Ramirez-Campillo, R, Álvarez, C, García-Hermoso, A, Ramírez-Vélez, R, Gentil, P, Asadi, A, Chaabene, H, Moran, J, Meylan, C, García-de-Alcaraz, A, Sanchez-Sanchez, J, Nakamura, FY, Granacher, U, Kraemer, W & Izquierdo, M 2018, 'Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research: A Scoping Review', Sports Medicine, vol. 48, n.º 5, pp. 1059-1081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0870-z

Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research : A Scoping Review. / Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Álvarez, Cristian; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; Gentil, Paulo; Asadi, Abbas; Chaabene, Helmi; Moran, Jason; Meylan, Cesar; García-de-Alcaraz, Antonio; Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier; Nakamura, Fabio Y.; Granacher, Urs; Kraemer, William; Izquierdo, Mikel.

En: Sports Medicine, Vol. 48, N.º 5, 01.05.2018, p. 1059-1081.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo de revisión

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T1 - Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research

T2 - A Scoping Review

AU - Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Álvarez, Cristian

AU - García-Hermoso, Antonio

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

AU - Gentil, Paulo

AU - Asadi, Abbas

AU - Chaabene, Helmi

AU - Moran, Jason

AU - Meylan, Cesar

AU - García-de-Alcaraz, Antonio

AU - Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier

AU - Nakamura, Fabio Y.

AU - Granacher, Urs

AU - Kraemer, William

AU - Izquierdo, Mikel

PY - 2018/5/1

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N2 - Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e.g., training protocols) and (2) provide future directions for research. From 648 potentially relevant articles, 242 were eligible for inclusion in this review. The main issues identified related to an insufficient number of studies conducted in females, youths, and individual sports (~ 24.0, ~ 37.0, and ~ 12.0% of overall studies, respectively); insufficient reporting of effect size values and training prescription (~ 34.0 and ~ 55.0% of overall studies, respectively); and studies missing an active/passive control group and randomization (~ 40.0 and ~ 20.0% of overall studies, respectively). Furthermore, plyometric jump training was often combined with other training methods and added to participants’ daily training routines (~ 47.0 and ~ 39.0% of overall studies, respectively), thus distorting conclusions on its independent effects. Additionally, most studies lasted no longer than 7 weeks. In future, researchers are advised to conduct plyometric training studies of high methodological quality (e.g., randomized controlled trials). More research is needed in females, youth, and individual sports. Finally, the identification of specific dose-response relationships following plyometric training is needed to specifically tailor intervention programs, particularly in the long term.

AB - Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e.g., training protocols) and (2) provide future directions for research. From 648 potentially relevant articles, 242 were eligible for inclusion in this review. The main issues identified related to an insufficient number of studies conducted in females, youths, and individual sports (~ 24.0, ~ 37.0, and ~ 12.0% of overall studies, respectively); insufficient reporting of effect size values and training prescription (~ 34.0 and ~ 55.0% of overall studies, respectively); and studies missing an active/passive control group and randomization (~ 40.0 and ~ 20.0% of overall studies, respectively). Furthermore, plyometric jump training was often combined with other training methods and added to participants’ daily training routines (~ 47.0 and ~ 39.0% of overall studies, respectively), thus distorting conclusions on its independent effects. Additionally, most studies lasted no longer than 7 weeks. In future, researchers are advised to conduct plyometric training studies of high methodological quality (e.g., randomized controlled trials). More research is needed in females, youth, and individual sports. Finally, the identification of specific dose-response relationships following plyometric training is needed to specifically tailor intervention programs, particularly in the long term.

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Ramirez-Campillo R, Álvarez C, García-Hermoso A, Ramírez-Vélez R, Gentil P, Asadi A y otros. Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research: A Scoping Review. Sports Medicine. 2018 may 1;48(5):1059-1081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0870-z