Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents

Título traducido de la contribución: Cambios en el estado físico muscular y su asociación con la presión arterial en adolescentes

César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Carla Moreira, Luís Lopes, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Los objetivos de este estudio fueron examinar la asociación longitudinal entre el estado físico muscular (MF) y la presión arterial (PA) dos años más tarde, y determinar si los cambios en la FA durante un período de dos años se asociaron con la PA en el seguimiento, en adolescentes. La muestra comprendía 734 jóvenes (349 niñas) de 12 a 18 años de edad. La MF se evaluó con las pruebas de salto de longitud en pie y de empuñadura. El estado socioeconómico, la etapa puberal, la circunferencia de la cintura, la PA en reposo y el estado cardiorrespiratorio se midieron de acuerdo con los procedimientos estándar. Los análisis de regresión mostraron una asociación inversa significativa entre la MF al inicio y la presión arterial sistólica (β = - 0,072; p = 0,032) y el producto de presión tarifaria (β = - 0,124; p < 0,001) durante el seguimiento, después de los ajustes por edad, sexo, estatura, etapa puberal y estado socioeconómico. Sin embargo, cuando los análisis se ajustaron para la circunferencia de la cintura y el estado cardiorrespiratorio, estas asociaciones no permanecieron significativas. Los adolescentes con MF persistentemente alta y en aumento mostraron los niveles más bajos de presión arterial diastólica (F(3, 721) = 3.814, p = 0.018) y sistólica (F(3, 721) = 3.908, p = 0.014) cuando se compararon con aquellos con MF baja persistente después del ajuste por edad, sexo, estatura, estado socioeconómico, condición cardiorrespiratoria y circunferencia de la cintura. CONCLUSIÓN: Este estudio sugiere que la persistencia de una mayor y creciente MF en los jóvenes está asociada con niveles más bajos de PA a lo largo de la adolescencia. Lo que se conoce: - En la actualidad, existe un creciente interés en los beneficios para la salud del ejercicio físico muscular. - Los estudios transversales han identificado una asociación entre el estado físico muscular y la presión arterial en los adolescentes. Lo que es nuevo: - Los cambios en el estado físico muscular durante la adolescencia se asociaron con la PA sistólica y diastólica durante un período de dos años. - Los adolescentes con un estado muscular persistentemente bajo exhibieron los niveles más altos de presión arterial diastólica y sistólica.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)1101-1109
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volumen177
N.º7
DOI
EstadoPublished - jul 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Citar esto

Agostinis-Sobrinho, C., Ruiz, J. R., Moreira, C., Lopes, L., Ramírez-Vélez, R., García-Hermoso, A., ... Santos, R. (2018). Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics, 177(7), 1101-1109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3164-4
Agostinis-Sobrinho, César ; Ruiz, Jonatan R. ; Moreira, Carla ; Lopes, Luís ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson ; García-Hermoso, Antonio ; Mota, Jorge ; Santos, Rute. / Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents. En: European Journal of Pediatrics. 2018 ; Vol. 177, N.º 7. pp. 1101-1109.
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title = "Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents",
abstract = "The aims of this study were to examine the longitudinal association between muscular fitness (MF) and blood pressure (BP) 2 years later, and to determine whether changes in MF over a 2-year period were associated with BP at follow-up, in adolescents. The sample comprised 734 youths (349 girls) aged from 12 to 18 years. MF was assessed with the standing long jump and handgrip tests. Socioeconomic status, pubertal stage, waist circumference, resting BP, and cardiorespiratory fitness were measured according to standard procedures. Regression analyses showed a significant inverse association between MF at baseline and systolic BP (β = − 0.072; p = 0.032) and rate pressure product (β = − 0.124; p < 0.001) at follow-up, after adjustments for age, sex, height, pubertal stage, and socioeconomic status. However, when analyses were further adjusted for waist circumference and cardiorespiratory fitness, these associations did not remain significant. Adolescents with persistently high and increasing MF exhibited the lowest levels of diastolic BP (F(3, 721) = 3.814, p = 0.018) and systolic BP (F(3, 721) = 3.908, p = 0.014) when compared to those with persistent low MF after adjustment for age, sex, height, socioeconomic status, cardiorespiratory fitness, and waist circumference. Conclusion: This study suggests that persistent greater and increasing MF in youth are associated with lower levels of BP across the adolescence.What is Known:• Currently, there is a growing interest on the health benefits of muscular fitness.• Cross-sectional studies have identified an association between muscular fitness and blood pressure in adolescents.What is New:• Changes in muscular fitness during adolescence were associated with systolic and diastolic BP over a 2-year period.• Adolescents with persistently low muscular fitness exhibited the highest levels of diastolic and systolic BP.",
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Agostinis-Sobrinho, C, Ruiz, JR, Moreira, C, Lopes, L, Ramírez-Vélez, R, García-Hermoso, A, Mota, J & Santos, R 2018, 'Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents', European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 177, n.º 7, pp. 1101-1109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3164-4

Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents. / Agostinis-Sobrinho, César; Ruiz, Jonatan R.; Moreira, Carla; Lopes, Luís; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Mota, Jorge; Santos, Rute.

En: European Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 177, N.º 7, 01.07.2018, p. 1101-1109.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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T1 - Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents

AU - Agostinis-Sobrinho, César

AU - Ruiz, Jonatan R.

AU - Moreira, Carla

AU - Lopes, Luís

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

AU - García-Hermoso, Antonio

AU - Mota, Jorge

AU - Santos, Rute

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N2 - The aims of this study were to examine the longitudinal association between muscular fitness (MF) and blood pressure (BP) 2 years later, and to determine whether changes in MF over a 2-year period were associated with BP at follow-up, in adolescents. The sample comprised 734 youths (349 girls) aged from 12 to 18 years. MF was assessed with the standing long jump and handgrip tests. Socioeconomic status, pubertal stage, waist circumference, resting BP, and cardiorespiratory fitness were measured according to standard procedures. Regression analyses showed a significant inverse association between MF at baseline and systolic BP (β = − 0.072; p = 0.032) and rate pressure product (β = − 0.124; p < 0.001) at follow-up, after adjustments for age, sex, height, pubertal stage, and socioeconomic status. However, when analyses were further adjusted for waist circumference and cardiorespiratory fitness, these associations did not remain significant. Adolescents with persistently high and increasing MF exhibited the lowest levels of diastolic BP (F(3, 721) = 3.814, p = 0.018) and systolic BP (F(3, 721) = 3.908, p = 0.014) when compared to those with persistent low MF after adjustment for age, sex, height, socioeconomic status, cardiorespiratory fitness, and waist circumference. Conclusion: This study suggests that persistent greater and increasing MF in youth are associated with lower levels of BP across the adolescence.What is Known:• Currently, there is a growing interest on the health benefits of muscular fitness.• Cross-sectional studies have identified an association between muscular fitness and blood pressure in adolescents.What is New:• Changes in muscular fitness during adolescence were associated with systolic and diastolic BP over a 2-year period.• Adolescents with persistently low muscular fitness exhibited the highest levels of diastolic and systolic BP.

AB - The aims of this study were to examine the longitudinal association between muscular fitness (MF) and blood pressure (BP) 2 years later, and to determine whether changes in MF over a 2-year period were associated with BP at follow-up, in adolescents. The sample comprised 734 youths (349 girls) aged from 12 to 18 years. MF was assessed with the standing long jump and handgrip tests. Socioeconomic status, pubertal stage, waist circumference, resting BP, and cardiorespiratory fitness were measured according to standard procedures. Regression analyses showed a significant inverse association between MF at baseline and systolic BP (β = − 0.072; p = 0.032) and rate pressure product (β = − 0.124; p < 0.001) at follow-up, after adjustments for age, sex, height, pubertal stage, and socioeconomic status. However, when analyses were further adjusted for waist circumference and cardiorespiratory fitness, these associations did not remain significant. Adolescents with persistently high and increasing MF exhibited the lowest levels of diastolic BP (F(3, 721) = 3.814, p = 0.018) and systolic BP (F(3, 721) = 3.908, p = 0.014) when compared to those with persistent low MF after adjustment for age, sex, height, socioeconomic status, cardiorespiratory fitness, and waist circumference. Conclusion: This study suggests that persistent greater and increasing MF in youth are associated with lower levels of BP across the adolescence.What is Known:• Currently, there is a growing interest on the health benefits of muscular fitness.• Cross-sectional studies have identified an association between muscular fitness and blood pressure in adolescents.What is New:• Changes in muscular fitness during adolescence were associated with systolic and diastolic BP over a 2-year period.• Adolescents with persistently low muscular fitness exhibited the highest levels of diastolic and systolic BP.

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Agostinis-Sobrinho C, Ruiz JR, Moreira C, Lopes L, Ramírez-Vélez R, García-Hermoso A y otros. Changes in muscular fitness and its association with blood pressure in adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2018 jul 1;177(7):1101-1109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3164-4