Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia: The fuprecol study

Mónica Adriana Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-Ríovalle, Carmen Flores Navarro-Pérez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Javier Martínez-Torres, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ) and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass) and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)106-112
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónNutrients
Volumen9
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - feb 2017
Publicado de forma externa

Huella dactilar

Colombia
school children
Body Composition
body composition
bones
Bone and Bones
Health
Fats
sampling
lipids
Mediterranean Diet
Mediterranean diet
underweight
bioelectrical impedance
lean body mass
Thinness
waist circumference
osteoporosis
food frequency questionnaires
Waist Circumference

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science

Citar esto

Forero-Bogotá, M. A., Ojeda-Pardo, M. L., García-Hermoso, A., Correa-Bautista, J. E., González-Jiménez, E., Schmidt-Ríovalle, J., ... Ramírez-Vélez, R. (2017). Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia: The fuprecol study. Nutrients, 9(2), 106-112. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020106, https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020106
Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Adriana ; Ojeda-Pardo, Mónica Liliana ; García-Hermoso, Antonio ; Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique ; González-Jiménez, Emilio ; Schmidt-Ríovalle, Jacqueline ; Navarro-Pérez, Carmen Flores ; Gracia-Marco, Luis ; Vlachopoulos, Dimitris ; Martínez-Torres, Javier ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson. / Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia : The fuprecol study. En: Nutrients. 2017 ; Vol. 9, N.º 2. pp. 106-112.
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abstract = "The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6{\%} girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ) and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass) and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life.",
author = "Forero-Bogot{\'a}, {M{\'o}nica Adriana} and Ojeda-Pardo, {M{\'o}nica Liliana} and Antonio Garc{\'i}a-Hermoso and Correa-Bautista, {Jorge Enrique} and Emilio Gonz{\'a}lez-Jim{\'e}nez and Jacqueline Schmidt-R{\'i}ovalle and Navarro-P{\'e}rez, {Carmen Flores} and Luis Gracia-Marco and Dimitris Vlachopoulos and Javier Mart{\'i}nez-Torres and Robinson Ram{\'i}rez-V{\'e}lez",
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Forero-Bogotá, MA, Ojeda-Pardo, ML, García-Hermoso, A, Correa-Bautista, JE, González-Jiménez, E, Schmidt-Ríovalle, J, Navarro-Pérez, CF, Gracia-Marco, L, Vlachopoulos, D, Martínez-Torres, J & Ramírez-Vélez, R 2017, 'Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia: The fuprecol study', Nutrients, vol. 9, n.º 2, pp. 106-112. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020106, https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020106

Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia : The fuprecol study. / Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Adriana; Ojeda-Pardo, Mónica Liliana; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique; González-Jiménez, Emilio; Schmidt-Ríovalle, Jacqueline; Navarro-Pérez, Carmen Flores; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Vlachopoulos, Dimitris; Martínez-Torres, Javier; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson.

En: Nutrients, Vol. 9, N.º 2, 02.2017, p. 106-112.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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T1 - Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia

T2 - The fuprecol study

AU - Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Adriana

AU - Ojeda-Pardo, Mónica Liliana

AU - García-Hermoso, Antonio

AU - Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique

AU - González-Jiménez, Emilio

AU - Schmidt-Ríovalle, Jacqueline

AU - Navarro-Pérez, Carmen Flores

AU - Gracia-Marco, Luis

AU - Vlachopoulos, Dimitris

AU - Martínez-Torres, Javier

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

PY - 2017/2

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N2 - The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ) and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass) and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life.

AB - The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Standing long-jump (SLJ) and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used respectively as indicators of lower and upper body muscular fitness. A muscular index score was also computed by summing up the standardised values of both SLJ and handgrip strength. Dietary intake and degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were assessed by a 7-day recall questionnaire for food frequency and the Kidmed questionnaire. Poor bone health was considered using a z-score cut off of ≤−1.5 standard deviation. Once the results were adjusted for age and Tanner stage, the predisposing factors of having a c-BUA z-score ≤−1.5 standard deviation included being underweight or obese, having an unhealthy lean mass, having an unhealthy fat mass, SLJ performance, handgrip performance, and unhealthy muscular index score. In conclusion, body composition (fat mass and lean body mass) and MF both influenced bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Thus promoting strength adaptation and preservation in Colombian youth will help to improve bone health, an important protective factor against osteoporosis in later life.

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Forero-Bogotá MA, Ojeda-Pardo ML, García-Hermoso A, Correa-Bautista JE, González-Jiménez E, Schmidt-Ríovalle J y otros. Body composition, nutritional profile and muscular fitness affect bone health in a sample of schoolchildren from Colombia: The fuprecol study. Nutrients. 2017 feb;9(2):106-112. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020106, https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020106