Autoimmune disease and gender: Plausible mechanisms for the female predominance of autoimmunity

Olga L. Quintero, Manuel J. Amador-Patarroyo, Gladys Montoya-Ortiz, Adriana Rojas-Villarraga, Juan Manuel Anaya

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

236 Citas (Scopus)


A large number of autoimmune diseases (ADs) are more prevalent in women. The more frequent the AD and the later it appears, the more women are affected. Many ideas mainly based on hormonal and genetic factors that influence the autoimmune systems of females and males differently, have been proposed to explain this predominance. These hypotheses have gained credence mostly because many of these diseases appear or fluctuate when there are hormonal changes such as in late adolescence and pregnancy. Differences in X chromosome characteristics between men and women with an AD have led researchers to think that the genetic background of this group of diseases also relates to the genetic determinants of gender. These hormonal changes as well as the genetic factors that could explain why women are more prone to develop ADs are herein reviewed.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)J109-J119
PublicaciónJournal of Autoimmunity
EstadoPublicada - may. 2012

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Inmulogía y alergología
  • Inmunología


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