¿Agresiones de la altura y degeneración fisiológica? La biografía del “clima” como objeto de investigación científica en Colombia durante el siglo xix e inicios del xx

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: To show the role of experimental physiology in the way of understanding the effects of high-altitude climates on the functioning of the human body and the possibilities of progress in Colombia throughout the 19th century and the early 20th century. Development: The trans-formation of the climate concept as an object of scientific inquiry is explored over the studied period. This is done by analyzing investigations on respiratory capacity, nutrition and metabo-lism, blood chemistry and heart function in people of the eastern range of the Colombian Andes. Conclusions: Beyond an institutional or disciplinary history of physiology, this article shows that some practices of experimental physiology played a role in the process of representing country, territory, and population. The inhabitants of the Andean highlands were understood not only in terms of race and innate abilities, but also in terms of social classes and organic transformations. The idea that there was a supposed process of “physiological degeneration”, decreasing the ef-ficiency of high-altitude workers, was tried to compensate through a “rational diet”.
Título traducido de la contribuciónHigh-altitude aggressions and physiological degeneration? The biography of “climate” as an object of scientific inquiry in Colombia during the 19th and the early 20th centuries
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)65-83
Número de páginas19
PublicaciónRevista Ciencias de la Salud
Volumen13
N.ºespecial
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2015

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Sanidad (ciencias sociales)

Palabras claves de autor

  • Concepto
  • Climate
  • Race
  • Progress
  • Physiology
  • Colombia

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