Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department

Carlos A. Calderón-Ospina, José G. Orozco-Díaz

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: Determining the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) as the reason for visiting an emergency department. Methods: The study took place at the Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento ESE's Emergency Department's Central Outpatient Centre in Bogotá. It was carried out from September 20 th to October 2nd 2004. ADR were identified by an evaluator who reviewed all clinical histories, noting when physicians had indicated that an ADR had occurred. The patients were contacted. Two people evaluated causality, the degree of preventability and the mechanism producing the ADR. Results: 45 ADR were recorded in 1,395 visits made during a two-week period (2.8% of the consultations). Modified spontaneous report detected 26.7% ADR identified by active search. 73.3% of all identified ADR occurred in females, 64.9% in people older than 60. 48.9% were non-preventable, 22.2% preventable and 28.9% were unclassifiable. Conclusions: ADR represent a significant proportion of the reasons for outpatient consultation; the modified spontaneous report system detected a large percentage of ADR. There were no statistically significant differences between gender and ADR frequency. ADR occurred more frequently in elderly patients. Around 2 out of each 10 ADR could have been prevented.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)315-321
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista de Salud Publica
EstadoPublished - ene 1 2008

Huella dactilar

Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Hospital Emergency Service
Outpatients
Referral and Consultation
Causality
Physicians

Citar esto

Calderón-Ospina, C. A., & Orozco-Díaz, J. G. (2008). Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department. Revista de Salud Publica, 315-321.
Calderón-Ospina, Carlos A. ; Orozco-Díaz, José G. / Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department. En: Revista de Salud Publica. 2008 ; pp. 315-321.
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abstract = "Objective: Determining the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) as the reason for visiting an emergency department. Methods: The study took place at the Luis Carlos Gal{\'a}n Sarmiento ESE's Emergency Department's Central Outpatient Centre in Bogot{\'a}. It was carried out from September 20 th to October 2nd 2004. ADR were identified by an evaluator who reviewed all clinical histories, noting when physicians had indicated that an ADR had occurred. The patients were contacted. Two people evaluated causality, the degree of preventability and the mechanism producing the ADR. Results: 45 ADR were recorded in 1,395 visits made during a two-week period (2.8{\%} of the consultations). Modified spontaneous report detected 26.7{\%} ADR identified by active search. 73.3{\%} of all identified ADR occurred in females, 64.9{\%} in people older than 60. 48.9{\%} were non-preventable, 22.2{\%} preventable and 28.9{\%} were unclassifiable. Conclusions: ADR represent a significant proportion of the reasons for outpatient consultation; the modified spontaneous report system detected a large percentage of ADR. There were no statistically significant differences between gender and ADR frequency. ADR occurred more frequently in elderly patients. Around 2 out of each 10 ADR could have been prevented.",
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Calderón-Ospina, CA & Orozco-Díaz, JG 2008, 'Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department', Revista de Salud Publica, pp. 315-321.

Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department. / Calderón-Ospina, Carlos A.; Orozco-Díaz, José G.

En: Revista de Salud Publica, 01.01.2008, p. 315-321.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department

AU - Calderón-Ospina, Carlos A.

AU - Orozco-Díaz, José G.

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - Objective: Determining the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) as the reason for visiting an emergency department. Methods: The study took place at the Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento ESE's Emergency Department's Central Outpatient Centre in Bogotá. It was carried out from September 20 th to October 2nd 2004. ADR were identified by an evaluator who reviewed all clinical histories, noting when physicians had indicated that an ADR had occurred. The patients were contacted. Two people evaluated causality, the degree of preventability and the mechanism producing the ADR. Results: 45 ADR were recorded in 1,395 visits made during a two-week period (2.8% of the consultations). Modified spontaneous report detected 26.7% ADR identified by active search. 73.3% of all identified ADR occurred in females, 64.9% in people older than 60. 48.9% were non-preventable, 22.2% preventable and 28.9% were unclassifiable. Conclusions: ADR represent a significant proportion of the reasons for outpatient consultation; the modified spontaneous report system detected a large percentage of ADR. There were no statistically significant differences between gender and ADR frequency. ADR occurred more frequently in elderly patients. Around 2 out of each 10 ADR could have been prevented.

AB - Objective: Determining the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) as the reason for visiting an emergency department. Methods: The study took place at the Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento ESE's Emergency Department's Central Outpatient Centre in Bogotá. It was carried out from September 20 th to October 2nd 2004. ADR were identified by an evaluator who reviewed all clinical histories, noting when physicians had indicated that an ADR had occurred. The patients were contacted. Two people evaluated causality, the degree of preventability and the mechanism producing the ADR. Results: 45 ADR were recorded in 1,395 visits made during a two-week period (2.8% of the consultations). Modified spontaneous report detected 26.7% ADR identified by active search. 73.3% of all identified ADR occurred in females, 64.9% in people older than 60. 48.9% were non-preventable, 22.2% preventable and 28.9% were unclassifiable. Conclusions: ADR represent a significant proportion of the reasons for outpatient consultation; the modified spontaneous report system detected a large percentage of ADR. There were no statistically significant differences between gender and ADR frequency. ADR occurred more frequently in elderly patients. Around 2 out of each 10 ADR could have been prevented.

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Calderón-Ospina CA, Orozco-Díaz JG. Adverse drug reactions as the reason for visiting an emergency department. Revista de Salud Publica. 2008 ene 1;315-321.