Percepción de adolescentes sobre consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en entornos escolares. Estudio cualitativo

Carolina Lucero Enriquez-Guerrero, Yenny Marcela Barreto-Zorza, Lupita Lozano-Vélez, María Antonia Ocampo-Gómez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva



Introduction. The consumption of psychoactive substances in adolescents generates negative effects on the individual, family and development. The objective of this work is to describe the perception of adolescents about the problems, causes and consequences of the consumption of psychoactive substances in the school environment. Methodology. Qualitative, exploratory study, development of seven focus groups. Sample for convenience until data saturation. Forty adolescents from a public school in Bogotá participated voluntarily, with prior informed consent and assent. Guide of 10 questions on the consumption of psychoactives. Audio recordings and transcriptions, inductive and interpretive analysis were made. Results.Data from adolescents between 10 and 13 years of age were collected. These data were classified into 3 previously defined categories: 1) problem, 2) causes and 3) consequences. In the first, a subcategory emerged; in the second and third, two subcategories emerged. discussion . Studies confirm that the causes of the consumption of psychoactive substances are domestic abuse and bullying , which generate physical and mental effects. Unlike what is reported in the literature, adolescents do not perceive their peers and relatives as a protective factor. Conclusion.From the perception of adolescents, access to the consumption of psychoactive drugs in school environments is easy and is sometimes given by outsiders. It constitutes a problem related to the family and social relations. Intrafamily abuse, violence and bullying stand out as causes. As consequences they perceive affectation of academic performance, physical and psychological health.
Título traducido de la contribuciónAdolescents perception of psychoactive substance use in school settings. A qualitative study
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)41-50
Número de páginas10
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2021

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (todo)
  • Enfermería (todo)

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