Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents

Título traducido de la contribución: Índice dietético inflamatorio y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en niños y adolescentes españoles

María Correa-Rodríguez, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina, María I. Tovar-Gálvez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge E. Correa-Bautista, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

El potencial dietético inflamatorio es un factor de riesgo establecido para eventos cardiovasculares adversos. En este estudio analizamos la relación entre el Índice Inflamatorio Dietético (DII) y los factores de riesgo cardiovascular, basados en parámetros antropométricos, composición corporal, presión arterial y frecuencia cardíaca en niños y adolescentes. Se realizó un estudio transversal de 428 escolares españoles (media de edad 12,32 ± 1,84), cuya DII se calculó sobre la base de un recuerdo de la dieta de 24 horas durante tres días. Se tomaron medidas antropométricas y se analizó la composición corporal mediante análisis de impedancia bioeléctrica. Los parámetros de presión arterial y frecuencia cardíaca se evaluaron con un monitor automático. El estadio puberal se evaluó en base a los criterios de Tanner. Analizamos el DII tanto como una variable continua como una variable de categoría basada en cuartiles. El análisis de regresión lineal reveló que el DII se asoció significativamente con la relación cintura/altura (WHtR) (p = 0,026; B = 0,128; IC del 95%: 0,001-0,016) después de ajustar la edad, el sexo, la ingesta energética total y el estadio de Tanner. Se encontró que todas las ingestas de macro y micronutrientes eran mayores en la DII Q1 (dieta antiinflamatoria) excepto la cafeína. Este estudio proporciona evidencia preliminar de una asociación significativa entre la DII y la WHtR, un índice de riesgo cardiovascular. Los resultados obtenidos indican que el potencial inflamatorio de la dieta puede jugar un papel importante en el sobrepeso o la obesidad de niños y adolescentes. Se deben realizar estudios futuros en jóvenes para validar y explorar estas relaciones.
Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Páginas (desde-hasta)448-458
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónResearch in Nursing and Health
Volumen41
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublished - oct 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Citar esto

Correa-Rodríguez, M., González-Jiménez, E., Rueda-Medina, B., Tovar-Gálvez, M. I., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Correa-Bautista, J. E., & Schmidt-RioValle, J. (2018). Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents. Research in Nursing and Health, 41(5), 448-458. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.21904
Correa-Rodríguez, María ; González-Jiménez, Emilio ; Rueda-Medina, Blanca ; Tovar-Gálvez, María I. ; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson ; Correa-Bautista, Jorge E. ; Schmidt-RioValle, Jacqueline. / Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents. En: Research in Nursing and Health. 2018 ; Vol. 41, N.º 5. pp. 448-458.
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title = "Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents",
abstract = "Dietary inflammatory potential is an established risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. In this study we analyzed the relation between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and cardiovascular risk factors, based on anthropometric, body composition, blood pressure, and heart rate parameters in children and adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 428 Spanish schoolchildren (mean age 12.32 ± 1.84), whose DII was calculated, based on a 24-hr diet recall over 3 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken, and body composition analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Blood pressure and heart rate parameters were assessed with an automatic monitor. Pubertal stage was assessed based on Tanner criteria. We analyzed the DII both as a continuous variable and as a category variable based on quartiles. Linear regression analysis revealed that the DII was significantly associated with waist to height ratio (WHtR) (p =.026; B = 0.128, 95{\%} CI [.001–.016]) after adjusting for age, sex, total energy intake, and Tanner stage. All macro- and micronutrient intakes were found to be higher in the DII Q1 (anti-inflammatory diet) except for caffeine. This study provides preliminary evidence of a significant association between the DII and WHtR, an index of cardiovascular risk. The results obtained indicate that the inflammatory potential of the diet may play a role in children and adolescents becoming overweight or developing obesity. Future studies in young people should be conducted to validate and further explore these relationships.",
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Correa-Rodríguez, M, González-Jiménez, E, Rueda-Medina, B, Tovar-Gálvez, MI, Ramírez-Vélez, R, Correa-Bautista, JE & Schmidt-RioValle, J 2018, 'Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents', Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 41, n.º 5, pp. 448-458. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.21904

Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents. / Correa-Rodríguez, María; González-Jiménez, Emilio; Rueda-Medina, Blanca; Tovar-Gálvez, María I.; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; Correa-Bautista, Jorge E.; Schmidt-RioValle, Jacqueline.

En: Research in Nursing and Health, Vol. 41, N.º 5, 01.10.2018, p. 448-458.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a RevistaArtículo

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T1 - Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents

AU - Correa-Rodríguez, María

AU - González-Jiménez, Emilio

AU - Rueda-Medina, Blanca

AU - Tovar-Gálvez, María I.

AU - Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

AU - Correa-Bautista, Jorge E.

AU - Schmidt-RioValle, Jacqueline

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Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Dietary inflammatory potential is an established risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. In this study we analyzed the relation between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and cardiovascular risk factors, based on anthropometric, body composition, blood pressure, and heart rate parameters in children and adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 428 Spanish schoolchildren (mean age 12.32 ± 1.84), whose DII was calculated, based on a 24-hr diet recall over 3 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken, and body composition analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Blood pressure and heart rate parameters were assessed with an automatic monitor. Pubertal stage was assessed based on Tanner criteria. We analyzed the DII both as a continuous variable and as a category variable based on quartiles. Linear regression analysis revealed that the DII was significantly associated with waist to height ratio (WHtR) (p =.026; B = 0.128, 95% CI [.001–.016]) after adjusting for age, sex, total energy intake, and Tanner stage. All macro- and micronutrient intakes were found to be higher in the DII Q1 (anti-inflammatory diet) except for caffeine. This study provides preliminary evidence of a significant association between the DII and WHtR, an index of cardiovascular risk. The results obtained indicate that the inflammatory potential of the diet may play a role in children and adolescents becoming overweight or developing obesity. Future studies in young people should be conducted to validate and further explore these relationships.

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Correa-Rodríguez M, González-Jiménez E, Rueda-Medina B, Tovar-Gálvez MI, Ramírez-Vélez R, Correa-Bautista JE y otros. Dietary inflammatory index and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children and adolescents. Research in Nursing and Health. 2018 oct 1;41(5):448-458. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.21904