When non-heterosexual orientations, and gender identities other than what is socially understood as masculine and feminine, have been considered as a disease, all kinds of voluntary and forced therapies to change them have been applied to the LGBTIQ population. For this purpose, all kinds of biotechnologies have been used, and continue to be used, in numerous countries, including psychological therapy, chemical castration, surgeries to produce hormones and surgical procedures for sex change. In light of this, a part of the doctrine considers that the crime against humanity of persecution (either for "gender" reasons or for "other reasons universally recognized as unacceptable under international law"), which is provided for in article 7(1)(h) of the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC Statute), offers the most appropriate way to protect the LGBTIQ population. Nevertheless, another part of the doctrine disagrees, due to the restrictive nature of the definition of gender included in the ICC Statute, and the fact that the "other universally recognized reasons" standard implies too high a requirement for sexual orientation and gender identity, as identity traits of the LGTBIQ population.
|Translated title of the contribution||The treatment of the LGTBIQ population in article 7(1)(h) of the Statute of the International Criminal Court considering the definition of "gender" and the standard " other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law"|
|Number of pages||24|
|State||Published - Jul 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sociology and Political Science