The quest for measuring development: The role of the indicator bank

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Development indicators constitute a technology of global governance because of their knowledge and their governance effects. The knowledge effect is determined by the underlying development theory that is promoted by both indicator users and generators, which may be articulated through an economic, an institutional, or a rights-based frame of reference. The increaseduse of expert knowledge in the development fi eld has encouraged the use of indicators as a proxy for development not only by hegemonic institutions, such as the World Bank, but also by other indicator users or generators that seek to contest the development “commonsense.“ 1 The World Bank remains one of the most important producers and users of indicators, and through its World Development Indicators (WDI) it has managed to promote hegemonic theories of development based oneconomics-based frames of reference. Although the World Bank has expanded its development discourse to include concerns of institutions and rights-based approaches, it has continuously relied on economic indicators as the main tool to measure development. Once the knowledge that is being promoted by the development indicator is established, it becomes easier to unveil the production of standards and identities that are being shaped in the development field as a result of the use of a specific indicator. The development knowledge disseminated by the indicator in turn shapes the outcome of its governance effect. As described in the third section, indicators can have a wide range of effects on global governance; however, the most common ones for the development field are the regulatory effect and the allocation of responsibilities. The regulatory effect should be understood as a type of governance at a distance, as “indicator users” can influence the performance of “indicator targets” by sending signals of the kind of society that is expected from developed societies, This effect increases when performance indicators are used to allocate aid based on the economic incentive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Quiet Power of Indicators
Subtitle of host publicationMeasuring Governance, Corruption, and Rule of Law
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages133-155
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781139871532
ISBN (Print)9781107075207
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

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