Disease and medicine are found throughout Gabriel García Márquez's work. This article examines the insomnia plague described in the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude and performs a differential diagnosis exercise with conditions that affect both sleep and memory. The main finding is that the insomnia plague narrated by García Márquez, with its clinical manifestations, the sequence of symptoms, and its resolution, cannot be associated with any specific diagnosis. However, similarities to and differences from several clinical conditions are discussed, as well as the relation between the neurophysiologic phenomena of sleep and memory.
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