The effect of exercise training on mediators of inflammation in breast cancer survivors: A systematic review with meta-analysis

Jose F. Meneses-Echavez, Jorge E. Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt Río-Valle, Mark R. Elkins, Felipe Lobelo, Robinson Ramírez-Velez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several sources of evidence indicate that exercise during and after breast cancer could positively modulate the tumor microenvironment. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the effects of exercise training on mediators of inflammation in breast cancer survivors. We searched for randomized controlled trials published from January 1990 to March 2014. An inverse variance method of meta-analysis was performed using a random effects model in the presence of statistical heterogeneity. Eight high-quality trials (n = 478) were included. Exercise improved the serum concentrations of IL6 [weighted mean difference (WMD) = -0.55 pg/mL; 95% confidence interval (CI), -1.02 to -0.09], TNFα (WMD = -0.64 pg/mL; 95%CI, -1.21 to -0.06), IL8(MD= -0.49 pg/mL; 95% CI, -0.89 to -0.09), and IL2 (WMD = 1.03 pg/mL; 95% CI, 0.40 to 1.67). No significant differences were found in the serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (WMD = -0.15; 95% CI, -0.56 to 0.25) or IL10 (WMD = 0.41; 95% CI, -0.18 to 1.02). Exercise training positively modulates chronic low-grade inflammation in women with breast cancer, which may impact upon carcinogenic mechanisms and the tumor microenvironment. These findings align with the other positive effects of exercise for breast cancer survivors, reinforcing the appropriateness of exercise prescription in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1009-1017
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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