The Application of Indirect Perpetration through Organised Structures of Power at the International Level

Research output: Chapter in Book/ReportChapter


On 4 March 2009, Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC
Pre-Trial Chamber I) issued a landmark decision justifying, for the first time ever,
the issuance of a warrant of arrest against a sitting head of state (Sudanese
President Omar Al Bashir). At the core of this decision was the application of the
notion of indirect perpetration through organised structures of power, insofar as, according to ICC Pre-Trial Chamber I, Al Bashir, either by himself, or acting in a coordinated manner with other high-ranking Sudanese political and military leaders, directed the different branches of the Sudanese ‘state-apparatus’ to carry out crimes against humanity and war crimes during a five-year counter-insurgency campaign (2003–08).
Original languageSpanish (Colombia)
Title of host publicationEssasys on International Criminal Law
Number of pages19
StatePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Law

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